丢脸先生
Lost Face

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 译   者:

    河北工业大学 李剑

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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  •   评论(110)
  •   读后感(1)

面对屈辱,是苟且地活着,还是有尊严地死去?贪生怕死之徒肯定会毫不犹豫地选择前者,当然,生死抉择之际,这也无可厚非。

但“君子宁为维护尊严而死,不为苟且偷生而寡廉鲜耻”,这才是男人的姿态,勇人的姿态。小说的主人公便是这样一个有尊严的、坚强的男子汉,他不愿意被“征服”,不愿意“妥协”,不愿意“受辱”,因而选择了“高贵”地死去,作品充分体现了杰克•伦敦的写作特点,其中所展示的阳刚之气,也是最为人所津津乐道的地方。

《丢脸先生》是美国著名作家杰克·伦敦的优秀短篇小说之一。故事的主人公是一个被印第安人俘虏的皮货商,他诱骗印第安人首领用斧头把他的头砍下,以免受临死前的种种折磨。文章表现了一种“寻求有尊严的死亡”的精神。

It is about a European adventurer in the Yukon who outwits his (American) Indian captors' plans to torture him.

杰克·伦敦,原名为约翰·格利菲斯·伦敦(John Griffith London),美国著名的现实主义作家。他一生共创作了约78卷作品,其中最为著名的有《野性的呼唤》、《海狼》、《白牙》、《马丁·伊登》和一系列优秀短篇小说《热爱生命》、《老头子同盟》、《北方的奥德赛》、《马普希的房子》、《沉寂的雪原》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf .

勇敢地、利落地死去,带着微笑、打着趣——啊,这才是应该有的方式!但是如果克制不住,肉体的剧痛让灵魂饱受煎熬,像个傻瓜一样乱喊乱叫、语无伦次,表现出十足的畜生样——啊,那才叫可怕呢。

To pass out bravely and cleanly, with a smile and a jest—ah! that would have been the way.But to lose control, to have his soul upset by the pangs of the flesh, to screech and gibber like an ape, to become the veriest beast—ah, that was what was so terrible.

读罢他的作品,随之而来的是惊心动魄的思索,作者笔锋粗放,读了他的作品,我们能够感受热爱生命的真谛!他能让文字燃烧生命烈火。他就是杰克·伦敦。在坚毅中保持宽容,在宽容中保持坚毅是他特有的人生哲学观念,在小说中得到了充分的体现。

我所看到的,是征服的迷人力量,是血色冒险及黄金潮的迷人力量。……生命既勇敢又狂野,而我正经历着我阅读了无数遍的冒险生活。——杰克·伦敦

评论家们认为,这位擅长“描写人类原始本能”的年轻小说家可以跟爱伦·坡、吉卜林以及麦尔维尔相提并论。

伦敦评论专家瑞斯曼认为伦敦是“美国文学代表人物之一”。

一九零一年七月出版的《民族》评论道:“坡以来本国出现的最有力的短篇小说家,一个西方出现的新吉卜林。……第一等讲故事的人……天生的小说家……富有现实性,锐利的观察……利落,干净,生气勃勃。”

Western writer and historian Dale L. Walker writes:

London's true métier was the short story ... London's true genius lay in the short form, 7,501 words and under, where the flood of images in his teeming brain and the innate power of his narrative gift were at once constrained and freed. His stories that run longer than the magic 7,500 generally—but certainly not always—could have benefited from self-editing.

  • 丢脸先生

  • Lost Face

  • 杰克伦敦

    杰克·伦敦的短篇小说,在我看来,已让他从一个作家上升到历史学家的层次,以当事人旁观者的多重身份,深刻的反思白人社会中“征服”与“文明”的概念与行径,在别人还在嬉笑怒骂、调侃讽刺,沉思讨论社会的种种弊端时,杰克·伦敦已然以一个男人的姿态,扛起了反抗的大旗,掀开了西方文明的冠冕堂皇下,资本摧残和殖民侵略的臭烘烘的烂被子!展开↓

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