光脸熊
Bald-Face

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 译   者:

    河北工业大学 刘松

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 8(1人评过)
  •   评论(15)
  •   读后感(2)

一提起熊,脑子里联想到的会是什么?是憨态可掬、喜食蜜糖的萌物?还是巨大、凶猛、吃人的野兽?

动画片里塑造的熊的形象都是老实可爱、温柔善良的,然而现实生活中的熊却很可能是非常危险而可怕的。主人公此次就与两只“光脸熊”来了次正面交锋,幸亏主人公机智,让两只熊“自相残杀”,否则真是难逃“熊口”。故事幽默风趣又发人深省,在展现人与动物搏斗的精彩场面的同时,更在提醒人们要以“熊”为戒,懂得变通,若“不给活物让路”,最后吃亏的只会是自己。

杰克•伦敦的短篇小说《光脸熊》讲述主人公途遇光脸熊的惊险历程,语言质朴生动,情节富于戏剧性。主人公初遇光脸熊,逗之取乐,而光脸熊紧追不舍,令他从恼怒变为害怕,但仍急中生智,与之斗智斗勇。结尾意料之外又在情理之中,令人莞尔。小说通过对情节的描写来刻画人物细微的心理变化,展现了人与自然搏斗时的机智勇敢。

杰克·伦敦(Jack London)(1876—1916年),美国20世纪著名的现实主义作家,是美国文学史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美国加利福尼亚旧金山的一个破产农民家庭。从1900年起,他连续发表了许多中短篇小说,因其作品大都带有浓厚的社会主义色彩,因此有人认为他是宣扬社会主义的作家,但也有人认为他是表现个人主义与民众哲学的自然主义作家。他的作品不仅在美国本土广为流传,而且受到世界各国人民的欢迎,是最受中国读者欢迎的外国作家之一。杰克·伦敦一生著述颇丰,其中最著名的有《马丁·伊登》、《野性的呼唤》、《雪虎》、《热爱生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

一大棵兰伯氏松被风刮倒了,大约齐胸高,就拦在路上。我在树后边停了下来,但老光脸熊还是直冲了过来。那时我才觉得害怕。它站起来想越过树干,我像科曼切族印第安人那样呼喊着,一把把帽子扔到它脸上。紧接着我撒腿就跑。

A big sugar pine had gone down in a windfall and lay about breast high. I stops jest behind it, old bald-face comin’ all the time. It was jest then that fear came to me. I yelled like a Comanche Indian as he raised up to come over the log, and fired my hat full in his face. Then I lit out.

读罢他的作品,随之而来的是惊心动魄的思索,作者笔锋粗放,读了他的作品,我们能够感受热爱生命的真谛!他能让文字燃烧生命烈火。他就是杰克·伦敦。在坚毅中保持宽容,在宽容中保持坚毅是他特有的人生哲学观念,在小说中得到了充分的体现。

我所看到的,是征服的迷人力量,是血色冒险及黄金潮的迷人力量。……生命既勇敢又狂野,而我正经历着我阅读了无数遍的冒险生活。——杰克·伦敦

评论家们认为,这位擅长“描写人类原始本能”的年轻小说家可以跟爱伦·坡、吉卜林以及麦尔维尔相提并论。

伦敦评论专家瑞斯曼认为伦敦是“美国文学代表人物之一”。

一九零一年七月出版的《民族》评论道:“坡以来本国出现的最有力的短篇小说家,一个西方出现的新吉卜林。……第一等讲故事的人……天生的小说家……富有现实性,锐利的观察……利落,干净,生气勃勃。”

Western writer and historian Dale L. Walker writes:

London's true métier was the short story ... London's true genius lay in the short form, 7,500 words and under, where the flood of images in his teeming brain and the innate power of his narrative gift were at once constrained and freed. His stories that run longer than the magic 7,500 generally—but certainly not always—could have benefited from self-editing.

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