森珀·艾德姆
Semper Idem

  • 作   者:

    杰克·伦敦
    Jack London

  • 译   者:

    河南师范大学 原慧

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 7(2人评过)
  •   评论(7)
  •   读后感(2)

手术成功患者因为一个小失误死掉了,但医生并没有生气,这是何种原因?自杀者已被救活,但医生却又教他更快捷的自杀方法,这又是何故?在他眼里患者是人还是工具?

又或许生命对这个医生来说只不过是病例,是行业中不快却不可避免的意外,而他只不过是个彻头彻尾的“屠夫”?

医生手术成功的患者因为一点儿疏忽死掉了。但医生并没有发怒,反而有点儿开心。因为他将另一位濒死的患者救活了。令人意外的是,医生又转而教那位患者更有效的自杀方法。当听到这个病人最终自杀成功时,医生并没有一点儿吃惊。

杰克·伦敦(Jack London)(1876—1916年),美国20世纪著名的现实主义作家,是美国文学史上最重要的作家之一。出生于美国加利福尼亚旧金山的一个破产农民家庭。从1900年起,他连续发表了许多中短篇小说,因其作品大都带有浓厚的社会主义色彩,因此有人认为他是宣扬社会主义的作家,但也有人认为他是表现个人主义与民众哲学的自然主义作家。他的作品不仅在美国本土广为流传,而且受到世界各国人民的欢迎,是最受中国读者欢迎的外国作家之一。杰克·伦敦一生著述颇丰,其中最著名的有《马丁·伊登》、《野性的呼唤》、《雪虎》、《热爱生命》等。

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876—November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He is best remembered as the author of The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf . London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel, The Iron Heel and his non-fiction exposé, The People of the Abyss.

一个人伤得越重,他的生命越不稳定,那他在比克内尔医生眼里就越重要。他会欣然舍弃一个遭遇小事故的桂冠诗人而去救治一个伤势严重的无名流浪汉,流浪汉靠拒绝死亡来藐视生活法则,这就像一个孩子会为了看马戏而放弃喜爱的《庞奇和朱迪》这样的木偶剧。

The more broken a man was, the more precarious his grip on life, the greater his significance in the eyes of Doctor Bicknell.He would as readily forsake a poet laureate suffering from a common accident for a nameless, mangled vagrant who defied every law of life by refusing to die, as would a child forsake a Punch and Judy for a circus.

读罢他的作品,随之而来的是惊心动魄的思索,作者笔锋粗放,读了他的作品,我们能够感受热爱生命的真谛!他能让文字燃烧生命烈火。他就是杰克·伦敦。在坚毅中保持宽容,在宽容中保持坚毅是他特有的人生哲学观念,在小说中得到了充分的体现。

我所看到的,是征服的迷人力量,是血色冒险及黄金潮的迷人力量。……生命既勇敢又狂野,而我正经历着我阅读了无数遍的冒险生活。——杰克·伦敦

评论家们认为,这位擅长“描写人类原始本能”的年轻小说家可以跟爱伦·坡、吉卜林以及麦尔维尔相提并论。

伦敦评论专家瑞斯曼认为伦敦是“美国文学代表人物之一”。

一九零一年七月出版的《民族》评论道:“坡以来本国出现的最有力的短篇小说家,一个西方出现的新吉卜林。……第一等讲故事的人……天生的小说家……富有现实性,锐利的观察……利落,干净,生气勃勃。”

Western writer and historian Dale L. Walker writes:

London's true métier was the short story ... London's true genius lay in the short form, 7,500 words and under, where the flood of images in his teeming brain and the innate power of his narrative gift were at once constrained and freed. His stories that run longer than the magic 7,500 generally—but certainly not always—could have benefited from self-editing.

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