魔鬼和汤姆·沃克
The Devil and Tom Walker

  • 作   者:

    华盛顿·欧文
    Washington Irving

  • 译   者:

    中国石油大学 李凌云

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

  • 9.3(3人评过)
  •   评论(15)
  •   读后感(3)

自私和贪婪的他为了一份许诺的财富,成为了魔鬼的走狗,从此踏上万劫不复之路。

《魔鬼和汤姆.沃克》是美国文学家华盛顿•欧文在19世纪初,旅欧期间根据资本主义时期的欧洲现实而写的一本书,是浮士德传说的一个变体,讲述的都是一个人为了俗世的利益而对魔鬼出卖自己灵魂的故事。“魔鬼”拥有经验、知识、财富、权利,而喜欢、收买、操纵人的灵魂。为了一份许诺的财富,汤姆与魔鬼进行了罪恶的交易,出卖了自己圣洁的灵魂,充当“魔鬼”的忠实走狗,从此“魔鬼和汤姆•沃克”成为新英格兰广为流传的俗语。这个小故事的主人公汤姆胆大却吝啬,本来穷困潦倒的汤姆变成了无情冷血的高利贷商,一生无法得到救赎,最后被魔鬼索命。

华盛顿·欧文是19世纪美国最著名的作家,号称美国文学之父。1783年4月3日出生在纽约一个富商家庭。欧文从少年时代起就喜爱阅读英国作家司各特、拜仑和彭斯等人的作品。欧文的第一部重要作品是《纽约外史》。1820年,欧文的《见闻札记》出版,引起欧洲和美国文学界的重视,这部作品奠定了欧文在美国文学史上的地位。欧文的小说背景通常设置在远离尘嚣的荒僻村野和一些着魔闹鬼的地方,静谧中带着神秘、奇诡和深沉的气息。题材往往来源于欧洲文化和文学,尤其是民间传说和鬼怪故事。

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783—November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle, both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. Irving also served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846. Irving perfected the American short story, and was the first American writer to place his stories firmly in the United States, even as he poached from German or Dutch folklore. He is also generally credited as one of the first to write both in the vernacular, and without an obligation to the moral or didactic in his short stories, writing stories simply to entertain rather than to enlighten. The themes of his short stories are usually originated from local folklore and ghost stories of Europe.

把这个世界的好东西弄到手后,他又开始渴望另一个世界的好东西。他懊恼地想着当初与他的黑朋友约定的交易,开始苦心筹划欺骗他的朋友,不履行那些条件。因此,他突然变成个热衷于去教堂的人。他的祷告声音很大,很有力,好像肺部的力量可以占领天堂一样。

Having secured the good things of this world, he began to feel anxious about those of the next.He thought with regret on the bargain he had made with his black friend, and set his wits to work to cheat him out of the conditions.He became, therefore, all of a sudden, a violent church-goer.He prayed loudly and strenuously as if heaven were to be taken by force of lungs.

欧文为读者营造了一种田园生活般的意境,他擅长描写精灵鬼怪的悬念与恐怖,使故事跌宕起伏。同时他又是一个喜欢怀旧的人。他的作品更像是午后一缕慵懒的和风,在你耳边低吟一曲,使你充满倦意。

“没有欧文就没有美国文学的最早声誉,也就没有以后小说创作伟大局面的产生和出现。”

华盛顿·欧文是21世纪美国最著名的作家,号称美国文学之父。

America's first genuine internationally best-selling author

Irving is largely credited as the first American Man of Letters.

His friend, the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, acknowledged Irving's role in promoting American literature: "We feel a just pride in his renown as an author, not forgetting that, to his other claims upon our gratitude, he adds also that of having been the first to win for our country an honorable name and position in the History of Letters".

As George William Curtis noted, there "is not a young literary aspirant in the country, who, if he ever personally met Irving, did not hear from him the kindest words of sympathy, regard, and encouragement."

  • 魔鬼和汤姆·沃克

  • The Devil and Tom Walker

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