诗学
Poetics

  • 作   者:

    亚里士多德
    Aristotle

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥6.90

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《诗学》现存二十六章,主要讨论悲剧和史诗。《诗学》里亚里士多德表达了对艺术及悲剧的观点,认为艺术的本质是摹仿;而悲剧是对于一个严肃、完整、有一定长度的行动的摹仿。

Poetics is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory.In it, Aristotle offers an account of what he calls "poetry"

亚里士多德(公元前384-公元前322),古希腊哲学家、科学家、教育家,柏拉图的学生、亚历山大大帝的老师。和柏拉图、苏格拉底(柏拉图的老师)一起被誉为西方哲学的奠基者。他的著作包含许多学科,是西方哲学的第一个广泛系统,包含道德、美学、逻辑和科学、政治和玄学。虽然亚里士多德写下许多经典的论文和对话录(西塞罗曾称赞亚里士多德的作品是“一系列的黄金”),大多数他的著作在今天都已经遗失,而少数保留下来的著作的真实性也经常受到质疑。亚里士多德的作品在历史上曾遭遗失而又重新寻获数次,一般认为目前保留下来的作品数量只有全部原始作品的五分之一的而已。

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in Stagirus, northern Greece, in 384 BCE. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, whereafter Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BCE). His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great between 356 and 323 BCE. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Aristotle was the first genuine scientist in history. ... Every scientist is in his debt."

I PROPOSE to treat of Poetry in itself and of its various kinds, noting the essential quality of each, to inquire into the structure of the plot as requisite to a good poem; into the number and nature of the parts of which a poem is composed; and similarly into whatever else falls within the same inquiry. Following, then, the order of nature, let us begin with the principles which come first.

Epic poetry and Tragedy, Comedy also and Dithyrambic poetry, and the music of the flute and of the lyre in most of their forms, are all in their general conception modes of imitation. They differ, however, from one another in three respects- the medium, the objects, the manner or mode of imitation, being in each case distinct.

  • POETICS I

  • POETICS II

  • POETICS III

  • POETICS IV

  • POETICS V

  • POETICS VI

  • POETICS VII

  • POETICS VIII

  • POETICS IX

  • POETICS X

  • POETICS XI

  • POETICS XII

  • POETICS XIII

  • POETICS XIV

  • POETICS XV

  • POETICS XVI

  • POETICS XVII

  • POETICS XVIII

  • POETICS XIX

  • POETICS XX

  • POETICS XXI

  • POETICS XXII

  • POETICS XXIII

  • POETICS XXIV

  • POETICS XXV

  • POETICS XXVI