随笔
ESSAYS

  • 作   者:

    弗朗西斯·培根
    Francis Bacon

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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语言简洁、文笔优美,说理透彻,警句迭出,蕴含着培根的思想精华。

WHAT is truth? said jesting Pilate,and would not stay for an answer. Certainly there be, that delight in giddiness, and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affecting free-will in thinking, as well as in acting. And though the sects of philosophers of that kind be gone, yet there remain certain dis- coursing wits, which are of the same veins, though there be not so much blood in them, as was in those of the ancients. But it is not only the difficulty and labor, which men take in finding out of truth, nor again, that when it is found, it imposeth upon men's thoughts, that doth bring lies in favor; but a natural, though corrupt love, of the lie itself. One of the later school of the Grecians, examineth the matter, and is at a stand, to think what should be in it, that men should love lies; where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets, nor for advan- tage, as with the merchant; but for the lie's sake. But I cannot tell; this same truth, is a naked, and open day-light, that doth not show the masks, and mummeries, and triumphs, of the world, half so stately and daintily as candle-lights. Truth may perhaps come to the price of a pearl, that showeth best by day; but it will not rise to the price of a diamond, or carbuncle, that showeth best in varied lights. A mixture of a lie doth ever add pleasure. Doth any man doubt, that if there were taken out of men's minds, vain opinions, flattering hopes, false valuations, imaginations as one would, and the like, but it would leave the minds, of a number of men, poor shrunken things, full of melancholy and indisposition, and unpleasing to themselves?

英国随笔文学的开山之作,以其简洁的语言、优美的文笔、透彻的说理、迭出的警句,在世界文学史上占据了非常重要的地位。以大地万物为主角,呈现人们百态。内容主要是一些议论性质的短文,主要讲述培根在不同的角度看待事物的态度和想法。内容涉及到政治、经济、宗教、爱情、婚姻、友谊、艺术、教育、伦理等许多方面,是培根文学方面的代表作,语言简洁,文笔优美,说理透彻,警句迭出,蕴含着培根的思想精华。

Although he had a distinguished career as a lawyer and statesman, Francis Bacon's lifelong goal was to improve and extend human knowledge. In The Advancement of Learning (1605) he made a brilliant critique of the deficiencies of previous systems of thought and proposed improvements to knowledge in every area of human life. He conceived the Essays (1597, much enlarged in 1625) as a study of the formative influences on human behaviour, psychological and social. In The New Atlantis (1626) he outlined his plan for a scientific research institute in the form of a Utopian fable. In addition to these major English works this edition includes 'Of Tribute', an important early work here printed complete for the first time, and a revealing selection of his legal and political writings, together with his poetry. A special feature of the edition is its extensive annotation which identifies Bacon's sources and allusions, and glosses his vocabulary. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St. Alban, QC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626), was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.

Bacon has been called the creator of empiricism. His works established and popularised inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method, or simply the scientific method. His demand for a planned procedure of investigating all things natural marked a new turn in the rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, much of which still surrounds conceptions of proper methodology today.

Bacon was knighted in 1603 (being the first scientist to receive a knighthood), and created Baron Verulam in 1618 and Viscount St. Alban in 1621; as he died without heirs, both peerages became extinct upon his death. He famously died by contracting pneumonia while studying the effects of freezing on the preservation of meat.

RICHES are for spending, and spending for honor and good actions. Therefore extra- ordinary expense must be limited by the worth of the occasion; for voluntary undoing, may be as well for a man's country, as for the kingdom of heaven. But ordinary expense, ought to be limited by a man's estate; and governed with such regard, as it be within his compass; and not subject to de- ceit and abuse of servants; and ordered to the best show, that the bills may be less than the estima- tion abroad. Certainly, if a man will keep but of even hand, his ordinary expenses ought to be but to the half of his receipts; and if he think to wax rich, but to the third part. It is no baseness, for the greatest to descend and look into their own estate. Some forbear it, not upon negligence alone, but doubting to bring themselves into melancholy, in respect they shall find it broken. But wounds can- not be cured without searching. He that cannot look into his own estate at all, had need both choose well those whom he employeth, and change them often; for new are more timorous and less subtle. He that can look into his estate but seldom, it be- hooveth him to turn all to certainties. A man had need, if he be plentiful in some kind of expense, to be as saving again in some other. As if he be plenti- ful in diet, to be saving in apparel; if he be plenti- ful in the hall, to be saving in the stable; and the like. For he that is plentiful in expenses of all kinds, will hardly be preserved from decay. In clearing of a man's estate, he may as well hurt himself in being too sudden, as in letting it run on too long. For hasty selling, is commonly as disadvantage- able as interest. Besides, he that clears at once will relapse; for finding himself out of straits, he will revert to his custom: but he that cleareth by de- grees, induceth a habit of frugality, and gaineth as well upon his mind, as upon his estate. Cer- tainly, who hath a state to repair, may not despise small things; and commonly it is less dishonor- able, to abridge petty charges, than to stoop to petty gettings. A man ought warily to begin charges which once begun will continue; but in matters that return not, he may be more magnificent.

  • TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE MY VERY GOOD LORD THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM HIS GRACE, LORD HIGH ADMIRAL OF ENGLAND

  • Of Truth

  • Of Death

  • Of Unity IN RELIGION

  • Of Revenge

  • Of Adversity

  • Of Simulation AND DISSIMULATION

  • Of Parents AND CHILDREN

  • Of Marriage AND SINGLE LIFE

  • Of Marriage AND SINGLE LIFE

  • Of Love

  • Of Great Place

  • Of Boldness

  • Of Goodness and GOODNESS OF NATURE

  • Of Nobility

  • Of Seditions AND TROUBLES

  • Of Atheism

  • Of Superstition

  • Of Travel

  • Of Empire

  • Of Counsel

  • Of Delays

  • Of Cunning

  • Of Wisdom FOR A MAN'S SELF

  • Of Innovations

  • Of Dispatch

  • Of Seeming Wise

  • Of Friendship

  • Of Expense

  • Of the True GREATNESS OF KINGDOMS AND ESTATES

  • Of Regiment OF HEALTH

  • Of Suspicion

  • Of Plantations

  • Of Plantations

  • Of Riches

  • Of Prophecies

  • Of Ambition

  • Of Masques AND TRIUMPHS

  • Of Nature IN MEN

  • Of Custom AND EDUCATION

  • Of Fortune

  • Of Usury

  • Of Youth AND AGE

  • Of Beauty

  • Of Deformity

  • Of Building

  • Of Gardens

  • Of Negotiating

  • 0f Followers AND FRIENDS

  • Of Suitors

  • Of Studies

  • Of Faction

  • Of Ceremonies, AND RESPECTS

  • Of Praise

  • Of Vain-glory

  • Of Honor AND REPUTATION

  • Of Judicature

  • Of Anger

  • Of Vicissitude OF THINGS

  • Of Fame

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