希波吕托斯
Hippolytus

  • 作   者:

    欧里庇得斯
    Euripides

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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This failure prompted Euripides to revisit the myth in Hippolytos Stephanophoros (“Hippolytus who wears a crown”), in reference to the crown of garlands Hippolytus wears as a worshipper of Artemis, this time with a modest Phaedra who fights her sexual appetites. The surviving play offers a much more even-handed and psychologically complex treatment of the characters than is commonly found in traditional retelling of myths.

《希波吕托斯》描写的是智慧的希波吕托斯,他是雅典王忒修斯与阿玛宗女王的儿子,他崇拜贞洁的狩猎神阿耳忒弥斯,厌恶女人和爱情。这样以来,他便招徕了爱神阿佛洛狄忒的愤怒。爱神使希波吕托斯的后母淮德拉对他产生了强烈的爱情。淮德拉向希波吕托斯求爱,被愤怒的希波吕托斯坚决拒绝后,便羞愧自杀,她临死前对丈夫诬告希波吕托斯企图玷污她。忒修斯王听了大为震怒,便请求海神波塞冬派一头大公牛撞倒希波吕托斯的马车。受惊了的马狂奔起来,希波吕托斯在岩石上撞死。最后,阿耳忒弥斯出现了,她把全部真情告诉了忒修斯,并且安慰了垂死的希波吕托斯。在这个悲剧中,可以明显地看出欧里庇得斯对宗教的怀疑及神的所谓的英明和仁慈的不信任。

Hippolytus is an Ancient Greek tragedy by Euripides, based on the myth of Hippolytus, son of Theseus. The play was first produced for the City Dionysia of Athens in 428 BC and won first prize as part of a trilogy.

欧里庇得斯(前480年—前406年)与埃斯库罗斯和索福克勒斯并称为希腊三大悲剧大师,他一生共创作了九十多部作品,保留至今的有十八部。对于欧里庇得斯的评价,古往今来一向褒贬不一,有人说他是最伟大的悲剧作家,也有人说悲剧在他的手中衰亡,无论这些评价如何反复,无庸置疑的是欧里庇得斯的作品对于后世的影响是深远的。

Euripides (c. 480–406 BC) was one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens, the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to him but according to the Suda it was ninety-two at most. Of these, eighteen or nineteen have survived more or less complete (there has been debate about his authorship of Rhesus, largely on stylistic grounds) and there are also fragments, some substantial, of most of the other plays. More of his plays have survived intact than those of Aeschylus and Sophocles together, partly due to mere chance and partly because his popularity grew as theirs declined—he became, in the Hellenistic Age, a cornerstone of ancient literary education, along with Homer, Demosthenes and Menander.

WIDE o'er man my realm extends, and proud the name that I, the goddess Cypris, bear, both in heaven's courts and 'mongst all those who dwell within the limits of the sea and the bounds of Atlas, beholding the sun-god's light; those that respect my power I advance to honour, but bring to ruin all who vaunt themselves at me.

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