伊菲吉妮娅在奥利斯
Iphigenia at Aulis

  • 作   者:

    欧里庇得斯
    Euripides

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

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  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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The play revolves around Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek coalition before and during the Trojan War, and his decision to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia, to appease the goddess Artemis and allow his troops to set sail to preserve their honour in battle against Troy. The conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles over the fate of the young woman presages a similar conflict between the two at the beginning of the Iliad. In his depiction of the experiences of the main characters, Euripides frequently uses tragic irony for dramatic effect.

《伊菲吉妮娅在奥利斯》是剧作家欧里庇得斯现存的最后一部著作。这部著作写于公元前408年《俄瑞斯忒亚》之后,公元前406年欧里庇得斯逝世之前。这部剧最初写于酒神节三部曲中《醉酒的女人》后的第一年,并在雅典城酒神节赢得了第一名。

Iphigenia in Aulis is the last extant work of the playwright Euripides. Written between 408, after the Oresteia, and 406 BC, the year of Euripides’ death, the play was first produced the following year in a trilogy with The Bacchae and Alcmaeon in Corinth by his son or nephew, Euripides the Younger, and won the first place at the Athenian city Dionysia.

欧里庇得斯(前480年—前406年)与埃斯库罗斯和索福克勒斯并称为希腊三大悲剧大师,他一生共创作了九十多部作品,保留至今的有十八部。对于欧里庇得斯的评价,古往今来一向褒贬不一,有人说他是最伟大的悲剧作家,也有人说悲剧在他的手中衰亡,无论这些评价如何反复,无庸置疑的是欧里庇得斯的作品对于后世的影响是深远的。

Euripides (c. 480–406 BC) was one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens, the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to him but according to the Suda it was ninety-two at most. Of these, eighteen or nineteen have survived more or less complete (there has been debate about his authorship of Rhesus, largely on stylistic grounds) and there are also fragments, some substantial, of most of the other plays. More of his plays have survived intact than those of Aeschylus and Sophocles together, partly due to mere chance and partly because his popularity grew as theirs declined—he became, in the Hellenistic Age, a cornerstone of ancient literary education, along with Homer, Demosthenes and Menander.

Agamemnon.

Old man, come hither and stand before my dwelling.

Attendant.

I come; what new schemes now, king Agamemnon?

AGAMEMNON

Thou shalt hear.

ATTENDANT

I am all eagerness. 'Tis little enough sleep old age allows me and keenly it watches o'er my eyes.

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