美狄亚
Medea

  • 作   者:

    欧里庇得斯
    Euripides

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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Considered shocking to his contemporaries, Medea and the suite of plays that it accompanied in the City Dionysia festival , came last place in the festival that year. Nonetheless the play remained part of the tragedic repertoire, an experienced renewed interest with the feminist movement, because of itsthe nuanced and sympathetic portrayal of Medea’s struggle to take charge of her own life in a male dominated world. The play has remained the most frequently performed greek tragedy through the 20th century.

欧里庇得斯代表作《美狄亚》约写于公元前413年。剧作着重刻画的是美狄亚的复仇心理,对妇女的卑微地位和不幸遭遇表示了深切的同情。是古希腊悲剧代表作品之一。其剧作语言接近口语,尤擅长描写人物心理,充满浪漫情调和闹剧气氛,对后代剧作家有很大的影响。

Medea is an ancient Greek tragedy written by Euripides, based upon the myth of Jason and Medea and first produced in 431 BCE. The plot centers on the actions of Medea, a barbarian and the wife of Jason, she finds her position in the Greek world threatened as Jason leaves her for a Greek princess of Corinth. Medea takes vengeance on Jason by killing Jason’s new wife as well as her own children with him, after which she escapes to Athens to start a new life.

欧里庇得斯(前480年—前406年)与埃斯库罗斯和索福克勒斯并称为希腊三大悲剧大师,他一生共创作了九十多部作品,保留至今的有十八部。对于欧里庇得斯的评价,古往今来一向褒贬不一,有人说他是最伟大的悲剧作家,也有人说悲剧在他的手中衰亡,无论这些评价如何反复,无庸置疑的是欧里庇得斯的作品对于后世的影响是深远的。

Euripides (c. 480–406 BC) was one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens, the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to him but according to the Suda it was ninety-two at most. Of these, eighteen or nineteen have survived more or less complete (there has been debate about his authorship of Rhesus, largely on stylistic grounds) and there are also fragments, some substantial, of most of the other plays. More of his plays have survived intact than those of Aeschylus and Sophocles together, partly due to mere chance and partly because his popularity grew as theirs declined—he became, in the Hellenistic Age, a cornerstone of ancient literary education, along with Homer, Demosthenes and Menander.

WOULD to Heaven the good ship Argo ne'er had sped its course to the Colchian land through the misty blue Symplegades, nor ever in the glens of Pelion the pine been felled to furnish with oars the chieftain's hands, who went to fetch the golden fleece for Pelias; for then would my own mistress Medea never have sailed to the turrets of Iolcos, her soul with love for Jason smitten, nor would she have beguiled the daughters of Pelias to slay their father and come to live here in the land of Corinth with her husband and children, where her exile found favour with the citizens to whose land she had come, and in all things of her own accord was she at one with Jason, the greatest safeguard this when wife and husband do agree; but now their love is all turned to hate, and tenderest ties are weak. For Jason hath betrayed his own children and my mistress dear for the love of a royal bride, for he hath wedded the daughter of Creon, lord of this land. While Medea, his hapless wife, thus scorned, appeals to the oaths he swore, recalls the strong pledge his right hand gave, and bids heaven be witness what requital she is finding from Jason.

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