浮士德
Faust

  • 作   者:

    约翰·歌德
    Johann Goethe

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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《浮士德》是一部长达一万二千一百一十一行的诗剧,第一部二十五场,第二部二十七场。《浮士德》根据德国一个炼金术士向魔鬼出卖灵魂以换取知识和青春的古老传说,反其意而之,演示了广阔、深邃而崇高的人生内容,为人类自强不息的进取精神唱了一出迄今响彻寰的凯歌。这部不朽的诗剧,以德国民间传说为题材,以文艺复兴以来的德国和欧洲社会为背景,写一个新兴资产阶级先进知识分子不满现实,竭力探索人生意义和社会理想的生活道路,是一部现实主义和浪漫主义结合得十分完好的诗剧。

Goethe's Faust has inspired a great deal of literature, music, and illustration.

Walter Kaufmann asserts that "Goethe created a character [i.e. Faust] who was accepted by his people as their ideal prototype."

Although today many of the classical and Central European themes may be hard for the modern reader to grasp, the work remains a resonant parable on scientific learning and religion, passion and seduction, independence and love, as well as other subjects. In poetic terms, Goethe places science and power in the context of a morally interested metaphysics. Faust is a scientific empiricist who is forced to confront questions of good and evil, God and the devil, sexuality and mortality.

The German language has itself been influenced by Goethe's Faust, particularly by the first part. One example of this is the phrase "des Pudels Kern," which means the real nature or deeper meaning of something (that was not evident before). The literal translation of "des Pudels Kern" is "the core of the poodle," and it originates from Faust's exclamation upon seeing the poodle (which followed him home) turn into Mephistopheles. Another instance originates in the scene wherein Gretchen asks Faust if he is religious. In German, the word "Gretchenfrage" (literally "Gretchen question") refers to a question aiming at the core of the issue, often forcing the answering person to make a confession or a difficult decision.

《浮士德》是一部长达一万二千一百一十一行的诗剧,第一部二十五场,第二部二十七场。《浮士德》根据德国一个炼金术士向魔鬼出卖灵魂以换取知识和青春的古老传说,反其意而之,演示了广阔、深邃而崇高的人生内容,为人类自强不息的进取精神唱了一出迄今响彻寰的凯歌。这部不朽的诗剧,以德国民间传说为题材,以文艺复兴以来的德国和欧洲社会为背景,写一个新兴资产阶级先进知识分子不满现实,竭力探索人生意义和社会理想的生活道路,是一部现实主义和浪漫主义结合得十分完好的诗剧。

Much of the content of this article is translated from the equivalent German-language Wikipedia article (retrieved November 6, 2005). The German articles Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Gustaf Gründgens, and Knittelvers were also referred to. The following references are cited by the German-language Faust I

约翰·歌德( 1749年8月-1832年3月),出生于德国法兰克福,戏剧家、诗人、自然科学家、文艺理论家和政治人物,为魏玛的古典主义最著名的代表;而作为戏剧、诗歌和散文作品的创作者,他是一名伟大的德国作家,也是世界文学领域最出类拔萃的光辉人物之一。在2005年德国电视二台票选最伟大的德国人活动中,他排名第七,次于第六伟大的音乐家巴哈。

Johann Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him are extant. Goethe had a great effect on the nineteenth century. In many respects, he was the originator of many ideas which later became widespread. He produced volumes of poetry, essays, criticism, a theory of colours and early work on evolution and linguistics. He was fascinated by mineralogy, and the mineral goethite (iron oxide) is named after him. His non-fiction writings, most of which are philosophic and aphoristic in nature, spurred the development of many philosophers. He was one of the leading figures of Weimar Classicism.

  • Introductory Note

  • The Tragedy Of Faust—Dedication

  • Prologue For The Theatre

  • Prologue In Heaven

  • Night

  • Before The Gate

  • Study

  • Study

  • Auerbach's Cellar In Leipzig

  • The Witch's Kitchen—Faust, Mephistopheles And The Monkies

  • The Witch Returns

  • Evening—A Small And Neat Room

  • Promenade—Faust And Mephistopheles

  • The Neighbour's House—Martha, Margaret And Mephistopheles

  • A Street—An Evening Walk In The Garden

  • A Garden

  • A Summer-House

  • Forest And Cavern—Faust And Mephistopheles

  • Margaret's Room

  • Martha's Garden

  • Night.

  • In The Cathedral

  • Walpurgis—Night

  • A Little Pair

  • A Gloomy Day. A Plain

  • Night.

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