早餐桌上的独裁者
The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table

  • 作   者:

    奥利弗·温德尔·霍姆斯
    Oliver Wendell Holmes

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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The essays take the form of a chiefly one-sided dialogue between the unnamed Author and the other residents of a New England boarding house who are known only by their profession, location at the table or other defining characteristics. The topics discussed range from an essay on the unexpected benefits of old age to the finest place to site a dwelling and comments on the nature of conversation itself. The tone of the book is distinctly Yankee and takes a seriocomic approach to the subject matter.Each essay typically ends with a poem on the theme of the essay. There are also poems ostensibly written by the fictional disputants scattered throughout.

《早餐桌上的独裁者》发表于1858年,收集了 奥利弗·温德尔·霍姆斯在1857年和1858年间发表在“大西洋月刊”的随笔。在这些随笔中,作者用第一人称与寄宿新英格兰家中的房客进行对话,这些房客没有各自的姓名、只是用他们的职业来称呼。他们讨论的主题包罗万象、形式多样,包括诗歌,故事、笑话和歌曲。由于霍姆斯本人是美国最优秀的诗人之一,通常每篇文章结尾处,都以一首诗来点明主题。后来这些诗歌也都成为霍姆斯的代表作。

The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table (1858) is a collection of essays written by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. The essays were originally published in The Atlantic Monthly in 1857 and 1858 before being collected in book form. The author had written two essays with the same name which were published in the earlier The New-England Magazine in November 1831 and February 1832, which are alluded to in a mention of an "interruption" at the start of the very first essay.

(老)奥利弗·温德尔·霍姆斯(1809年8月29日-1894年10月7日),是美国伟大的诗人、散文大师、学者和医务工作者。作为19世纪最优秀的作家之一,他被认为是炉边诗人的一员。他最有名的散文随笔作品是三部“早餐桌”系列随笔集:1858年发表的《早餐桌上的独裁者》、1859年发表的《早餐桌上的教授》、 1872年发表的《早餐桌上的诗人》。他也被认为是一个重要的医疗改革家,美国现代医疗保障系统的奠基人。他的儿子(小)奥利弗·温德尔·霍姆斯是美国历史上最伟大的法官。

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (August 29, 1809-October 7, 1894) was an American physician, poet, professor, lecturer, and author based in Boston. A member of the Fireside Poets, his peers acclaimed him as one of the best writers of the day. His most famous prose works are the "Breakfast-Table" series, which began with The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table (1858). He was also an important medical reformer.

They all stared. There is a divinity student lately come among us to whom I commonly address remarks like the above, allowing him to take a certain share in the conversation, so far as assent or pertinent questions are involved. He abused his liberty on this occasion by presuming to say that Leibnitz had the same observation.—No, sir, I replied, he has not.

  • THE AUTOCRAT'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

  • CHAPTER I.

  • CHAPTER II.

  • CHAPTER III.

  • CHAPTER IV.

  • CHAPTER V.

  • CHAPTER VI.

  • CHAPTER VII.

  • CHAPTER VIII.

  • CHAPTER IX.

  • CHAPTER X.

  • CHAPTER XI.

  • CHAPTER XII.

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