The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind

  • 作   者:

    Gustave Le Bon

  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:


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The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895. In the book, Le Bon claims that there are several characteristics of crowd psychology: "impulsiveness, irritability, incapacity to reason, the absence of judgement of the critical spirit, the exaggeration of sentiments, and others...".

古斯塔夫·勒庞(Gustave Le Bon,1841-1931),法国社会心理学家、社会学家,群体心理学的创始人,有“群体社会的马基亚维利”之称。勒庞的思想和理论对社会心理学产生了较大影响,同时也成为现代意识形态研究中不可或缺的内容。

Gustave Le Bon (7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a French social psychologist, sociologist, anthropologist, inventor, and amateur physicist. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind. His writings incorporate theories of national traits, racial and male superiority, herd behavior and crowd psychology.

Scarcely a century ago the traditional policy of European states and the rivalries of sovereigns were the principal factors that shaped events. The opinion of the masses scarcely counted, and most frequently indeed did not count at all. To-day it is the traditions which used to obtain in politics, and the individual tendencies and rivalries of rulers which do not count; while, on the contrary, the voice of the masses has become preponderant. It is this voice that dictates their conduct to kings, whose endeavour is to take note of its utterances. The destinies of nations are elaborated at present in the heart of the masses, and no longer in the councils of princes.





  • "The radicals have made the discovery that a centralised... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    This is the case I would call the practical use of concept--something that relies on the attractiveness of words that could invest their lives with meanings, make them feel self-realized and serve as an unexamined 'ultimate purpose'.

    2015-11-03 喜欢(3) 回复(0)

  • The successive action of these two kinds of factors is to be... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    From this example, we can easily understand the meaning of remote and immediate factors, in a nutshell, remote factors are some prepartory work of thoughts and immediate factors are practical actions to support or protest.

    2016-03-25 喜欢(2) 回复(0)


    More than one hundred years ago, the French scholar Bon was a conservative social elite. He opposed to the traditional nationalism, against the emerging collectivism, and respected British American liberalism. He lives in the constant French Revolution, lived through the Paris Commune and the French Second Empire period. He witnessed the horrible changes of French people. After the collapse of the traditional beliefs and authority, French people degenerate into a barbarous, fickle, extreme primitive people in a near religious revolutionary fervour. Under the instigation of a few people, people will not hesitate to make appalling atrocities, but later they require to get patriotism Medal of honour. So Gustave Le Bon concluded in his masterpiece "The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind": The crowd lack rationality, rely on the guidance of belief and authority, use imagination to judge and imitate the behaviour of others. In short, people is sequacious.

    2016-05-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • It is certain that men of immense, of almost supernatural... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    It can be easily proved that a single opinion to acquire sufficient prestige to enforce its general acceptance, it would soon be endowed with so tyrannical a strength that everything would have to bend before it, and the era of free discussion would be closed for a long time.In China,the two of best time for free discussion are Chunqiu period and Minguo period.At those moments,people have different thought about the future,so they must persuade other people and the thought develop quickly,differnt thought also appeared steadily.

    2016-05-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • The memorable events of history are the visible effects of... 全部评论(20) 去书内

    The author established his opinions simply offering them at the beginning of the book,concluding that including the fall of the Roman Empire and the foundation of Arabian Empire,all great events happened in our world represent a change of the thought of our mankind.That is very compelling to me.And I myself hold the same opinion even before reading.

    2016-04-20 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Like all crowds, juries are very strongly impressed by... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    the exist of juries makes the judegment more humanization,they consider more about the reality not just do as the law.

    2016-04-05 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Environment, circumstances, and events represent the social... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    We all know that the crowd is easily influenced by the suggestion. Environment and events that are linked to the race are exactly the social suggestions. So they have amazing function to guide a crowd. Race, as the suggestions, has a considerable influence on their way of thinking. They think as the racial factors and set up the concepts with racial factors. They become the signet of the race which control their direction of behaviours and the characteristics peculiar to their genius. Different races have different guidance. Consequently, the crowd of different countries offer very considerable differences of the beliefs and conducts and are not to be influenced in the same manner.

    2016-03-24 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • One might consent, perhaps, at a pinch, to continue to accept... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    Education, provides us with a large amount of knowledge, can only makes become more knowledgeable, but it can not raise our level of intelligence. The most valuable part of our intelligence is not the amount of our acquired knowledge, but the comprehensive self-development including our judgement, initiative and so on.

    2016-03-23 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • This phenomenon is not peculiar to crowds. It is to be... 全部评论(2) 去书内


    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • These fundamental ideas resemble the volume of the water of a... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    I adored the analogy in the passage. The author compares the influence of fundamental ideas to the water in a stream, usually we don’t even notice the flow of water, but the water change into steam, into rivers, eventually into a sea, an ocean, becoming vital things that we can’t ignore anymore. So do the fundamental ideas in the crowd, they are too common to be study deeply, but undoubtedly we cannot turn a blind eye to what they can effect on the crowds. Simultaneously, the influence of transitory ideas is compared to small waves on the river, which both of them cannot last for a long time, but simply they arouse the peaceful surface effectively.

    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)