乌合之众:大众心理研究
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind

  • 作   者:

    古斯塔夫·勒庞
    Gustave Le Bon

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

《乌合之众》被誉为大众心理学的开山之作。著名心理学家弗洛伊德、社会心理学家奥尔波特、社会学家墨顿都曾给予本书高度的评价。本书对大众心理进行了细致入微的剖析,具有较强的借鉴意义,更是成为众多投资理财专业人士的推荐之作。

本书极为精致地描述了集体心态,在社会心理学领域已有的著作中是最有影响力的著作,同时难得篇幅不长,是群体行为的研究者不可不读的文献。这本书可不是只供心理学研究者钻研的,其指出了群体行为对特点以及对社会产生的破坏性影响,值得每一位对哲学、社会、心理感兴趣的读者细细研读。

The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895. In the book, Le Bon claims that there are several characteristics of crowd psychology: "impulsiveness, irritability, incapacity to reason, the absence of judgement of the critical spirit, the exaggeration of sentiments, and others...".

古斯塔夫·勒庞(Gustave Le Bon),出生于1841年,逝世于1931年,法国社会心理学家、社会学家,群体心理学的创始人,有“群体社会的马基雅维里”之称。勒庞的思想和理论对社会心理学产生了较大影响,同时也成为现代意识形态研究中不可或缺的内容。

Gustave Le Bon (7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a French social psychologist, sociologist, anthropologist, inventor, and amateur physicist. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind. His writings incorporate theories of national traits, racial and male superiority, herd behavior and crowd psychology.

Scarcely a century ago the traditional policy of European states and the rivalries of sovereigns were the principal factors that shaped events. The opinion of the masses scarcely counted, and most frequently indeed did not count at all. To-day it is the traditions which used to obtain in politics, and the individual tendencies and rivalries of rulers which do not count; while, on the contrary, the voice of the masses has become preponderant. It is this voice that dictates their conduct to kings, whose endeavour is to take note of its utterances. The destinies of nations are elaborated at present in the heart of the masses, and no longer in the councils of princes.

  • INTRODUCTION THE ERA OF CROWDS
  • BOOK I THE MIND OF CROWDS
  • BOOK II THE OPINIONS AND BELIEFS OF CROWDS
  • BOOK III THE CLASSIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CROWDS
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  • "The radicals have made the discovery that a centralised... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    This is the case I would call the practical use of concept--something that relies on the attractiveness of words that could invest their lives with meanings, make them feel self-realized and serve as an unexamined 'ultimate purpose'.

    2015-11-03 喜欢(3) 回复(0)

  • The successive action of these two kinds of factors is to be... 全部评论(3) 去书内

    From this example, we can easily understand the meaning of remote and immediate factors, in a nutshell, remote factors are some prepartory work of thoughts and immediate factors are practical actions to support or protest.

    2016-03-25 喜欢(2) 回复(1)

  • Like all crowds, juries are very strongly impressed by... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    the exist of juries makes the judegment more humanization,they consider more about the reality not just do as the law.

    2016-04-05 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Environment, circumstances, and events represent the social... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    We all know that the crowd is easily influenced by the suggestion. Environment and events that are linked to the race are exactly the social suggestions. So they have amazing function to guide a crowd. Race, as the suggestions, has a considerable influence on their way of thinking. They think as the racial factors and set up the concepts with racial factors. They become the signet of the race which control their direction of behaviours and the characteristics peculiar to their genius. Different races have different guidance. Consequently, the crowd of different countries offer very considerable differences of the beliefs and conducts and are not to be influenced in the same manner.

    2016-03-24 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • One might consent, perhaps, at a pinch, to continue to accept... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    Education, provides us with a large amount of knowledge, can only makes become more knowledgeable, but it can not raise our level of intelligence. The most valuable part of our intelligence is not the amount of our acquired knowledge, but the comprehensive self-development including our judgement, initiative and so on.

    2016-03-23 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • This phenomenon is not peculiar to crowds. It is to be... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    The contradictions simply mentioned in the passage, although according to the author I haven’t earn the experience to talk about them in depth, I still want to share my shallow opinion. It is true about the fact that everyone can have these contradictions, basically originated from the conflict of traditional thoughts, that is, hereditary ideas as the author says, and modern progressive ideas. We are in an awkward century, where we all know new and progressive concepts should take place of the older ones. However, no concepts with complete and understandable theory put forward, only points of view we are aware of its correctness without firm provement against the old-tradition and ingrained ones. While we cannot deny the new concepts, lack of rigorous reasoning and withdraw of old thoughts, these contradictions will exist in a long time. Take the legality of homosexual marriage as an example, many people now gradually accept this kind of love exists, even support it in a parade or online. But when things happened around them, like their relatives and family, their hate and sickness are unbelievable. It’s not because they are hypocritical or sudden change of personality, but the new theory hasn’t been strong enough to beat the hereditary ideas.

    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • These fundamental ideas resemble the volume of the water of a... 全部评论(1) 去书内

    I adored the analogy in the passage. The author compares the influence of fundamental ideas to the water in a stream, usually we don’t even notice the flow of water, but the water change into steam, into rivers, eventually into a sea, an ocean, becoming vital things that we can’t ignore anymore. So do the fundamental ideas in the crowd, they are too common to be study deeply, but undoubtedly we cannot turn a blind eye to what they can effect on the crowds. Simultaneously, the influence of transitory ideas is compared to small waves on the river, which both of them cannot last for a long time, but simply they arouse the peaceful surface effectively.

    2016-03-22 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • Among such are to be counted, first of all, the half or... 全部评论(3) 去书内

    From this perspective,we can find that almost all of the young spent their fruitful time in the school instead of getting in touch with the outside people,receiving meaningful and experienced information.

    2016-03-20 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • The idea that institutions can remedy the defects of... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    To some degree,it may reflects the power of crowd.The rule is generally affected by the society and anyone break the rule will be punished.The society works well in this way.

    2016-03-20 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

  • When defining crowds, we said that one of their general... 全部评论(2) 去书内

    Actually, I quite approve this opinion. A person of the crowd is quite easy to tempted to do something. When we join a crowd we think we find our home and settlement, but actually, in fact, the crowd may not be suitable for us. In this crowd we may desert our ability to think and accept what the crowd think instead.That why people are always divided into two group and argue with each other on the Internet. They talk about why they win but scarcely think about whether what they say is true. Their word are powerful and strong but not convincing.

    2016-03-07 喜欢(1) 回复(0)

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