论圣病
On the Sacred Disease

  • 作   者:

    希波克拉底
    Hippocrates

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

  • 0(0人评过)
  •   评论(0)
  •   读后感(0)

Hippocrates comments on the "sacred" disease declaring that it is no more sacred than other diseases. He stresses the importance of the disease having no relation with the divine whatsoever, but instead being purely of human origin. The author of On the Sacred Disease argues that even the most mysterious of diseases was still of natural cause and not of divine origin.

本书创作于公元前400年,关于作者是否为古希腊医师希波克拉底仍存争议,但它被公认为是记录描述人类癫痫的第一本书。作者强调这种“神圣”的疾病与“神”、“圣”毫无关系,而只是关乎人体器官,并且作者相信所谓“神秘的疾病”绝大多数都是自然引发的。

On the Sacred Disease is a work of the Hippocratic Corpus, written in 400 BCE. The authorship of this piece can not be confirmed and is therefore regarded as dubious. The treatise is thought to contain one of the first recorded observations of epilepsy in humans. The author explains these phenomena by the flux of the phlegm flowing from the brain into the veins rather than assigning them a divine origin. This turn from a supernatural to a naturalistic explanation is considered a major break in the history of medicine.

希波克拉底(公元前460年-前370年),为古希腊伯里克利时代之医师,后世人普遍认为其为医学史上杰出人物之一。在其所身处之上古时代,医学并不发达,然而却能将医学发展成为专业学科,使之与巫术及哲学分离,并创立了以之为名的医学学派,对古希腊之医学发展贡献良多,故今人多尊称之为“医学之父”。世人往往将其文集诸位作者的成就、奉行其医学原则的医师及其本人之事迹相混淆,以致于今天,对其真实想法、所书之文、所做之事知之甚微。然而,其仍被认为对临床医学贡献甚多,并总先世医学之大成,堪称古医师之典范。而其所订立之医师誓言,更成为后世医师之道德纲领,直至今天。

Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC), was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. Hippocrates is commonly portrayed as the paragon of the ancient physician, credited with coining the Hippocratic Oath, still relevant and in use today. He is also credited with greatly advancing the systematic study of clinical medicine, summing up the medical knowledge of previous schools, and prescribing practices for physicians through the Hippocratic Corpus and other works.

By these veins we draw in much breath, since they are the spiracles of our bodies inhaling air to themselves and distributing it to the rest of the body, and to the smaller veins, and they and afterwards exhale it. For the breath cannot be stationary, but it passes upward and downward, for if stopped and intercepted, the part where it is stopped becomes powerless. In proof of this, when, in sitting or lying, the small veins are compressed, so that the breath from the larger vein does not pass into them, the part is immediately seized with numbness; and it is so likewise with regard to the other veins.

  • ON THE SACRED DISEASE

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…
    评论加载中...