希氏誓言
The Oath

  • 作   者:

    希波克拉底
    Hippocrates

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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The Oath is an oath historically taken by physicians. It is one of the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear on a number of healing gods to uphold specific ethical standards. Of historic and traditional value, the oath is considered a rite of passage for practitioners of medicine in many countries, although nowadays the modernized version of the text varies among them.

希波克拉底撰写的《誓言》,又称医师誓词,传统上,西医行医前,会先以此立誓。医师誓词为希波克拉底对医学认识之道德纲领,亦为文集中最有名者,然而在近世,其真实性颇受置疑。在今天,其已不再作为誓章使用,而是作为相类之誓言及法律蓝本,而医科之毕业生,仍须恪守此等誓章

The Oath, a seminal document on the ethics of medical practice, was attributed to Hippocrates in antiquity although new information shows it may have been written after his death. This is probably the most famous document of the Hippocratic Corpus. Recently the authenticity of the document's author has come under scrutiny. While the Oath is rarely used in its original form today, it serves as a foundation for other, similar oaths and laws that define good medical practice and morals. Such derivatives are regularly taken today by medical graduates about to enter medical practice.

希波克拉底(公元前460年-前370年),为古希腊伯里克利时代之医师,后世人普遍认为其为医学史上杰出人物之一。在其所身处之上古时代,医学并不发达,然而却能将医学发展成为专业学科,使之与巫术及哲学分离,并创立了以之为名的医学学派,对古希腊之医学发展贡献良多,故今人多尊称之为“医学之父”。世人往往将其文集诸位作者的成就、奉行其医学原则的医师及其本人之事迹相混淆,以致于今天,对其真实想法、所书之文、所做之事知之甚微。然而,其仍被认为对临床医学贡献甚多,并总先世医学之大成,堪称古医师之典范。而其所订立之医师誓言,更成为后世医师之道德纲领,直至今天。

Hippocrates (c. 460–c. 370 BC) was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. Hippocrates is commonly portrayed as the paragon of the ancient physician, credited with coining the Hippocratic Oath, still relevant and in use today. He is also credited with greatly advancing the systematic study of clinical medicine, summing up the medical knowledge of previous schools, and prescribing practices for physicians through the Hippocratic Corpus and other works.

I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; and in like manner I will not give to a woman a pessary to produce abortion. With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my Art.

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