睡谷传说
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

  • 作   者:

    华盛顿·欧文
    Washington Irving

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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《睡谷传说》的故事背景,与《瑞普·凡·温克尔》十分相似。在这个故事中,欧文以极富诗意的语言描写了宁静乡村的理想生活和村民们淳朴、善良、幽默的性格。故事也含蓄地批评了社会现实:幽静的乡村反衬出喧嚣的城市;早期移民的单纯善良反衬出资产阶级的卑微和龌龊。

《睡谷传说》是华盛顿·欧文的著名短篇故事。“睡谷”是哈德逊河畔一个幽僻的山间小村,那里清幽恬静、与世隔绝,村民们思想闭塞,对各种鬼怪深信不疑。故事主要描写了穷教师伊卡鲍德·克莱恩看上了富家女儿卡特琳娜,还梦想有一天能成为富有的庄园主。他穿着寒酸的“礼服”去参加卡特琳娜家里的舞会,回家的路上碰上一个没有脑袋的“骑士”,这个“无头骑士”紧跟他的后边,把这个最怕鬼的穷书生吓得魂不附体。最后,那个“鬼”把抑在胸前的“头”(一个大南瓜)高高举起,向他狠狠扔去,结束了这场“夜袭”。原来这是卡特琳娜和与她热恋着的小伙子一起搞的恶作剧。伊卡鲍德弄清事实后,羞得无地自容,只好不辞而别,到外地教书去了。

"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is a short story by American author Washington Irving, contained in his collection of 34 essays and short stories entitled The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. Written while Irving was living abroad in Birmingham, England, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" was first published in 1820. Along with Irving's companion piece "Rip Van Winkle", "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is among the earliest examples of American fiction with enduring popularity.

华盛顿·欧文(1783年4月3日-1859年11月28日),生于美国纽约州曼哈顿。是美国著名作家、短篇小说家,亦是一名律师,亦曾当过政府官员,是对西班牙及英国的外交官。在文学上最为著名,为人所知的作品包括《李伯大梦》、《沉睡谷传奇》等。他的史学的作品包括乔治·华盛顿、奥立佛·高德史密斯以及穆罕默德的人物传记。此外还包括有关西班牙18世纪的诸如克里斯托弗·哥伦布、安达卢斯和阿兰布拉宫的文章。

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783–November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" (1819) and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820), both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846.

It is remarkable that the visionary propensity I have mentioned is not confined to the native inhabitants of the valley, but is unconsciously imbibed by every one who resides there for a time. However wide awake they may have been before they entered that sleepy region, they are sure, in a little time, to inhale the witching influence of the air, and begin to grow imaginative, to dream dreams, and see apparitions.

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