马耳他岛的犹太人
The Jew of Malta

  • 作   者:

    克里斯托弗·马洛
    Christopher Marlowe

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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The title character, Barabas, is a complex character likely to provoke mixed reactions in an audience. Like Marlowe's other protagonists, such as Tamburlaine and Doctor Faustus, he dominates the play's action. There has been extensive debate about the play's portrayal of Jews and how Elizabethan audiences would have viewed it.

《马耳他岛的犹太人》是马洛著名的剧作之一,主人公是个家财万贯、贪婪残忍、诡计多端的犹太人。作者通过刻画一个对金钱财富永无休止追求的拜金主义者巴拉巴斯,鞭挞了资本原始积累时期的种种丑恶。巴拉巴斯为报复财富的丧失而使女儿死于非命,他阴谋叛逆,先将马耳他岛出卖给土耳其人,然后又策划将土耳其征服者投入沸锅蒸煮,结果却使自己葬身火海。

The Jew of Malta is a play by Christopher Marlowe, probably written in 1589 or 1590. Its plot is an original story of religious conflict, intrigue, and revenge, set against a backdrop of the struggle for supremacy between Spain and the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean that takes place on the island of Malta. The Jew of Malta is considered to have been a major influence on William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice.

克里斯托弗·马洛(1564年-1593年5月30日),英国伊丽莎白年代的剧作家、诗人及翻译家,为莎士比亚的同代人物。马洛以写作无韵诗(blank verse)及悲剧闻名,亦有学者认为他在生时比莎士比亚更出名。1593年5月18日,英国政府下令通缉马洛,但却并没有列出任何理由。同月20日,马洛于被带到英国枢密院前接受审讯,其后需要每天向他们报到。11天后,马洛与Ingram Frizer等人争执期间,被Ingram Frizer用匕首刺死。到了现在,仍没有人知道他的死与枢密院的审问有没有关连。

Christopher Marlowe (26 February 1564 – 30 May 1594) was an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. Marlowe was the foremost Elizabethan tragedian of his day. He greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year as Marlowe and who rose to become the pre-eminent Elizabethan playwright after Marlowe's mysterious early death. Marlowe's plays are known for the use of blank verse and their overreaching protagonists.

BARABAS discovered in his counting-house, with heaps of gold before him.

BARABAS. So that of thus much that return was made;

And of the third part of the Persian ships

There was the venture summ'd and satisfied.

  • THE PROLOGUE SPOKEN AT COURT.

  • EPILOGUE SPOKEN AT COURT.

  • THE PROLOGUE TO THE STAGE, AT THE COCK-PIT.

  • EPILOGUE TO THE STAGE, AT THE COCK-PIT.

  • DRAMATIS PERSONAE.

  • THE JEW OF MALTA.

  • ACT I. 

  • ACT II.

  • ACT III.

  • ACT IV.

  • ACT V.

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