莫泊桑作品选集
Selected Writings of Guy De Maupassant

  • 作   者:

    居伊·德·莫泊桑
    Guy De Maupassant

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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莫泊桑短篇小说的题材是丰富多彩的,在他的作品里,形形色色的社会生活,如战争的溃败、上流社会的喜庆游乐、资产者沙龙里的聚会、官僚机构里的例行公事、小资产阶级家庭的日常生活、外省小镇上的情景、农民的劳动与生活、宗教仪式与典礼、酒馆妓院里的喧闹等等,都有形象的描绘;社会各阶级各阶层的人物,从上层的贵族、官僚、企业家到中间阶层的公务员、自由职业者、小业主,到下层的工人、农民、流浪汉以至乞丐、妓女,都得到了鲜明的勾画;法国广阔天地里,从巴黎闹市到外省城镇以及偏远乡村与蛮荒山野的风貌人情,也都有生动的写照。在广阔的艺术视野与广阔的取材面上,莫泊桑的短篇显然超过了过去的梅里美与同时代的都德,而在他广泛的描写中,又有着三个突出的重点,即普法战争、巴黎的小公务员生活与诺曼底地区乡镇的风光与轶事。

居伊·德·莫泊桑,一生写短篇小说将近300篇。他的短篇小说构思别具匠心,情节变化多端,描写生动细致,刻画人情世态惟妙惟肖,令人读后回味无穷。他的作品深受叔本华的影响,渗透了浓厚的悲观主义。

Maupassant is considered one of the fathers of the modern short story. He delighted in clever plotting, and served as a model for Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in this respect. His stories about expensive jewellery ("The Necklace", "La parure") are imitated with a twist by Maugham ("Mr Know-All", "A String of Beads") and Henry James ("Paste"). Taking his cue from Balzac, Maupassant wrote comfortably in both the high-Realist and fantastic modes; stories and novels such as "L'Héritage" and Bel-Ami aim to recreate Third Republic France in a realistic way, whereas many of the short stories (notably "Le Horla" and "Qui sait?") describe apparently supernatural phenomena. The supernatural in Maupassant, however, is often implicitly a symptom of the protagonists' troubled minds; Maupassant was fascinated by the burgeoning discipline of psychiatry, and attended the public lectures of Jean-Martin Charcot between 1885 and 1886.

居伊·德·莫泊桑(1850年8月5日-1893年7月6日),19世纪后半叶法国优秀的批判现实主义作家。人称“短篇小说巨匠”,与契诃夫和欧·亨利并称为“世界三大短篇小说家”,对后世产生极大影响,被誉为“短篇小说之王”。莫泊桑去世时,爱弥尔·左拉致悼词,并预言莫泊桑的作品将永垂不朽,将是“未来的学生们作为无懈可击的完美典范口口相传”的作品。

Guy de Maupassant ( 5 August 1850 – 6 July 1893) was a popular French writer, considered one of the fathers of the modern short story and one of the form's finest exponents. Maupassant was a protégé of Flaubert and his stories are characterized by economy of style and efficient, effortless dénouements (outcomes). Many are set during the Franco-Prussian War of the 1870s, describing the futility of war and the innocent civilians who, caught up in events beyond their control, are permanently changed by their experiences. He wrote some 300 short stories, six novels, three travel books, and one volume of verse. His first published story, "Boule de Suif" ("Ball of Fat", 1880), is often considered his masterpiece.

The Diamond Necklace The girl was one of those pretty and charming young creatures who sometimes are born, as if by a slip of fate, into a family of clerks. She had no dowry, no expectations, no way of being known, understood, loved, married by any rich and distinguished man; so she let herself be married to a little clerk of the Ministry of Public Instruction.

  • GUY DE MAUPASSANT

  • INTRODUCTION

  • MADEMOISELLE FIFI

  • AN AFFAIR OF STATE

  • THE ARTIST

  • THE HORLA

  • MISS HARRIET

  • THE HOLE

  • LOVE

  • THE INN

  • A FAMILY

  • BELLFLOWER

  • WHO KNOWS?

  • THE DEVIL

  • EPIPHANY

  • SIMON'S PAPA

  • WAITER, A "BOCK"

  • SEQUEL TO A DIVORCE

  • THE MAD WOMAN

  • IN VARIOUS ROLES

  • THE FALSE GEMS

  • COUNTESS SATAN

  • THE COLONEL'S IDEAS

  • TWO LITTLE SOLDIERS

  • GHOSTS

  • WAS IT A DREAM?

  • THE DIARY OF A MADMAN

  • AN UNFORTUNATE LIKENESS

  • A COUNTRY EXCURSION

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