常识
Common Sense

  • 作   者:

    托马斯·潘恩
    Thomas Paine

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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一本位居“影响美国历史的二十本书”榜首的图书。

《常识》是由美国人托马斯·潘恩于1776年1月出版的一本50页小册子,其中系统论证了北美洲十三个英国殖民地独立的合理性和必要性。该书出版三个月内就发行了十多万册,彻底改变了当时美国保守派的态度,为美国独立打下了理论依据。英国报纸记载:“凡读过这本书的人都彻底改变了态度,哪怕在一小时之前他还是一个强烈反对独立思想的人。”潘恩的《常识》比任何一个出版物都更能说服当时的公众舆论支持北美从不列颠独立出来。美国当代哲学家悉尼·胡克在为《常识》再版的序文中曾言“潘恩之所以全身心地投入这场美国革命,并不是作为一个美国人,局限在为美国的利益;而是作为一个自由人,一个世界公民,他坚信,他为美国所做的努力,就在为英国、法国以及所有被奴役的地方争自由的努力。”

Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 that inspired people in the Thirteen Colonies to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain in the summer of 1776. The pamphlet explained the advantages of and the need for immediate independence in clear, simple language. It was published anonymously on January 10, 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolution and became an immediate sensation. It was sold and distributed widely and read aloud at taverns and meeting places.

托马斯·潘恩(1737年1月29日-1809年6月8日),英裔美国思想家、作家、政治活动家、理论家、革命家、激进民主主义者。生于英国诺福克郡,曾继承父业做过裁缝,后来做过教师、税务官员,后来投身欧美革命运动。美利坚合众国的国家名称(The United States of America)也出自潘恩,也被广泛视为美国开国元勋之一。37岁前在英国度过,之后移居英属北美殖民地,之后参加了北美独立运动。在此期间他撰写了铿锵有力并广为流传的小册子《常识》(1776),极大地鼓舞了北美民众的独立情绪。

Thomas Paine (February 9, 1737–June 8, 1809) was an English and American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. As the author of the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, he inspired the rebels in 1776 to declare independence from Britain. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights. He has been called "a corsetmaker by trade, a journalist by profession, and a propagandist by inclination".

In England a king hath little more to do than to make war and give away places; which in plain terms, is to impoverish the nation and set it together by the ears. A pretty business indeed for a man to be allowed eight hundred thousand sterling a year for, and worshipped into the bargain! Of more worth is one honest man to society and in the sight of God, than all the crowned ruffians that ever lived.

  • INTRODUCTION

  • OF THE ORIGIN AND DESIGN OF GOVERNMENT IN GENERAL. WITH CONCISE REMARKS ON THE ENGLISH CONSTITUTION

  • OF MONARCHY AND HEREDITARY SUCCESSION

  • THOUGHTS ON THE PRESENT STATE OF AMERICAN AFFAIRS

  • RESENT ABILITY OF AMERICA, WITH SOME MISCELLANEOUS REFLECTIONS

  • APPENDIX

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