查密迪斯篇
Charmides

  • 作   者:

    柏拉图
    Plato

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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我比别人知道得多,不过是我知道自己的无知。

A beautiful dialogue by the great Ancient Greek philosopher, Plato, which basically deals with definition temperance (in Greek: Sophrosyne)! I particularly loved the idea of self-knowledge, knowing what one knows and what one does not know. Furthermore, I loved the discussion on the relation between medicine and science. The dialogue did not reach a precise definition of temperance, but it raised various important question, which makes it an interesting and enjoyable philosophical work.

柏拉图在《查密迪斯篇》中以对话的形式讨论了人对自己的理性“自制”。

The Charmides is a dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates engages a handsome and popular boy in a conversation about the meaning of sophrosyne, a Greek word usually translated into English as "temperance", "self-control", or "restraint". As is typical with Platonic early dialogues, the two never arrive at a completely satisfactory definition, but the discussion nevertheless raises many important points.

柏拉图(约公元前427年-前347年)是著名的古希腊哲学家,雅典人,他的著作大多以对话录形式纪录,并创办了著名的学院。柏拉图是苏格拉底的学生,也是亚里士多德的老师,他们三人被广泛认为是西方哲学的奠基者,史称“西方三圣贤”。

Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece. He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his teacher Socrates and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."

Yesterday evening I returned from the army at Potidaea, and having been a good while away, I thought that I should like to go and look at my old haunts. So I went into the palaestra of Taureas, which is over against the temple adjoining the porch of the King Archon, and there I found a number of persons, most of whom I knew, but not all. My visit was unexpected, and no sooner did they see me entering than they saluted me from afar on all sides; and Chaerephon, who is a kind of madman, started up and ran to me, seizing my hand, and saying, How did you escape, Socrates?

  • TO MY FORMER PUPILS

  • PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

  • PREFACE TO THE SECOND AND THIRD EDITIONS.

  • NOTE

  • INTRODUCTION.

  • CHARMIDES, OR TEMPERANCE

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