孟子(大师经典文库)
The Works of Mencius

  • 作   者:

    孟轲
    Meng Zi

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

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  • 电子书:¥9.50
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古代“四书”之一,儒家经典著作。

Mencius's interpretation of Confucianism has generally been considered the orthodox version by subsequent Chinese philosophers, especially by the Neo-Confucians of the Song dynasty. Mencius's disciples included a large number of feudal lords, and he was actually more influential than Confucius had been. The Mencius (also spelled Mengzi or Meng-tzu), a book of his conversations with kings of the time, is one of the Four Books that Zhu Xi grouped as the core of orthodox Neo-Confucian thought. In contrast to the sayings of Confucius, which are short and self-contained, the Mencius consists of long dialogues, including arguments, with extensive prose.

本书是中国古代经典著作“四书 ”之一,是著名的孔子学说的继承者、儒家的重要代表人物孟子的言论汇编。

本书内容丰富,记载了孟子及其弟子的政治、教育、哲学、伦理等思想观点和政治活动。行文气势磅礴,感情充沛,雄辩滔滔,极富感染力,流传后世,影响深远,成为儒家经典著作之一。

The Mencius (Chinese: 孟子; pinyin: Mèngzǐ), commonly called the Mengzi, is a collection of anecdotes and conversations of the Confucian thinker and philosopher Mencius. The work dates from the second half of the 4th century BC. It was ranked as a Confucian classic and its status was elevated in Song Dynasty. Zhu Xi, the scholar generally credited with the founding of Neo-Confucianism, included the Mengzi as one of the Four Books, and it became one of the canonical texts of Neo-Confucianism.

孟子(约公元前390年—约公元前305年),名轲,字子舆,华夏族,周朝诸侯国邹国(今山东省邹城)人。他是孔子之孙孔伋的再传弟子。相传他是鲁国姬姓贵族公子庆父的后裔,父名激,母仉(zhǎng)氏。孟子是战国时期伟大的思想家、教育家、政治家,儒家学派的代表人物。与孔子并称“孔孟”。代表作《鱼我所欲也》、《得道多助,失道寡助》和《生于忧患,死于安乐》、《王顾左右而言他》已编入初中语文教科书中,《寡人之于国也》编入高中语文教科书中。

Mencius (/ˈmɛnʃiəs/;[5] Chinese: 孟子; 372 – 289 BC; alt. 385 – 303/302 BC) was a Chinese philosopher who is the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself.

孟子见梁惠王。王曰:"叟!不远千里而来,亦将有以利吾国乎?"孟子对曰:"王何必曰利?亦有仁义而已矣。王曰:'何以利吾国?'大夫曰:'何以利吾家?'士庶人曰:'何以利吾身?'上下交征利而国危矣。万乘之国,弑其君者,必千乘之家;千乘之国,弑其君者,必百乘之家。万取千焉,千取百焉,不为不多矣。苟为后义而先利,不夺不厌。未有仁而遗其亲者也,未有义而后其君者也。王亦曰仁义而已矣,何必曰利?"

Mencius see King Hui of Liang. The king said, "Venerable sir, since you have not counted it far to come here, a distance of a thousand , may I presume that you are likewise provided with counsels to profit my kingdom?" Mencius replied, "Why must Your Majesty use that word 'profit'? What I am 'likewise' provided with, are counsels to benevolence and righteousness, and these are my only topics. If Your Majesty say, 'What is to be done to profit my kingdom?' the great officers will say, 'What is to be done to profit our families?' and the inferior officers and the common people will say, 'What is to be done to profit our persons?' Superiors and inferiors will try to snatch this profit the one from the other, and the kingdom will be endangered. In the kingdom of ten thousand chariots, the murderer of his sovereign shall be the chief of a family of a thousand chariots. In the kingdom of a thousand chariots, the murderer of his prince shall be the chief of a family of a hundred chariots. To have a thousand in ten thousand, and a hundred in a thousand, cannot be said not to be a large allotment, but if righteousness be put last, and profit be put first, they will not be satisfied without snatching all. There never has been a man trained to benevolence who neglected his parents. There never has been a man trained to righteousness who made his sovereign an after consideration. Let Your Majesty also talk about benevolence and righteousness, and these shall be the only themes. Why must you use that word 'profit'?"

  • 卷一 梁惠王章句上

  • 卷二 梁惠王章句下

  • 卷三 公孙丑章句上

  • 卷四 公孙丑章句下

  • 卷五 滕文公章句上

  • 卷六 滕文公章句下

  • 卷七 离娄章句上

  • 卷八 离娄章句下

  • 卷九 万章章句上

  • 卷十 万章章句下

  • 卷十一 告子章句上

  • 卷十二 告子章句下

  • 卷十三 尽心章句上

  • 卷十四 尽心章句下

  • 版权页

  • BOOK I KING HUI OF LIANG PART I

  • BOOK II KING HUI OF LIANG PART II

  • BOOK III GONGSUN CHOU PART I

  • BOOK IV GONGSUN CHOU PART II

  • BOOK V TENG WEN GONG PART I

  • BOOK VI TENG WEN GONG PART II

  • BOOK VII LI LOU PART I

  • BOOK VIII LI LOU PART II

  • BOOK IX WAN ZHANG PART I

  • BOOK X WAN ZHANG PART II

  • BOOK XI GAO ZI PART I

  • BOOK XII GAO ZI PART II

  • BOOK XIII JIN XIN PART I

  • BOOK XIV JIN XIN PART II

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