伊凡霍
Ivanhoe

  • 作   者:

    沃尔特·司各特
    Walter Scott

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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小说的故事发生在十二世纪末英王狮心理查一世被囚在国外前后。理查王黩武喜功,一一九一年发起十字军东征,因参加远征的基督教国家内部分崩离析,不久就被迫班师。在归途中遇风暴,理查率领少数随从乔装平民取道维也纳回英,被奥地利公爵所俘,囚禁在多瑙河上城堡中一年余,后来付了大量赎金,才于一一九四年获释归国。小说《艾伊凡霍》的卓越成就,在于它真实而生动地再现了十 二世纪末英国封建主义全盛时期的历史,比较全面而深刻地反映了当时社会中复杂的矛盾。自从一○六六年诺曼的威廉公爵征服英国后,英国的盎格鲁•萨克逊民族受到异族的压迫,广大的农民沦为农奴,原萨克逊封建主也受到诺曼封建贵族的欺凌。当时的统治阶级主要由两个阶层所组成:封建贵族和僧侣。封建贵族中还建立了各级骑士的食邑制度。在十二世纪末,封建主们经过一百多年的休养生息,在各自领地上的统治已比较巩固,日趋骄横自满,有的相互兼并,有的公然反叛国王。他们为了满足自己骄奢淫逸的生活需求,不断加重对农民的剥削和压迫,迫使部分农民铤而走险,例如本书中的罗宾汉和他手下的绿林豪杰们。当时的教会则自成一股势力,直接归罗马教廷管辖,拥有全国三分之一的土地。一些有势力的教派如本书中的圣殿骑士派,甚至敢于跟王室对抗。这些尖锐、复杂的社会矛盾,在小说中都有生动的描写和反映,如诺曼征服者统治集团内部以约翰亲王为代表的诺曼封建贵族与国王理查一世之间争夺王位的斗争,以塞得利克为代表的萨克逊贵族与以布里昂•德•波阿—基尔勃为代表的诺曼贵族之间的民族矛盾和纷争,以及以罗宾汉为代表的被压迫农民与弗朗•德•别夫等诺曼封建主之间的阶级矛盾和斗争。

故事发生在1194年,第三次十字军东征失败之后,很多十字军仍在返回欧洲家园的路上。理查德国王,在他返回英格兰的路途中被利奥波德所俘,一直被囚禁着。雨果称颂这部小说是“我们这个时代真正的史诗”。故事在20世纪,当伊凡霍从第三次十字军东征结束返回家乡,宣布继承遗产并和罗文娜夫人相爱了。小说中英雄式的冒险在理查德以及他的恶毒的哥哥狮心王约翰中展开。两人的剧烈冲突使得伊凡霍最终和罗宾汉结成了同盟。罗宾汉是一个劫富济贫的英雄。在本书中创作了一系列各式各样的人物,有人说在司各特之后,再也没有人能创造出这么多的人物形象了。

Ivanhoe is the story of one of the remaining Saxon noble families at a time when the nobility in England was overwhelmingly Norman. It follows the Saxon protagonist, Wilfred of Ivanhoe, who is out of favour with his father for his allegiance to the Norman king, Richard I. The story is set in 1194, after the failure of the Third Crusade, when many of the Crusaders were still returning to their homes in Europe. King Richard, who had been captured by Leopold of Austria on his return journey to England, was believed to be still in captivity. In the twelfth century, Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe returns home to England from the Third Crusade to claim his inheritance and the love of the lady Rowena. The heroic adventures of this noble Saxon knight involve him in the struggle between Richard the Lion-Hearted and his malignant brother John: a conflict that brings Ivanhoe into alliance with the mysterious outlaw Robin Hood and his legendary fight for the forces of good.

沃尔特·司各特爵士,英国著名的历史小说家和诗人。他生于苏格兰的爱丁堡市,自幼患有小儿麻痹症,爱丁堡大学法律系毕业后,当过副郡长,他以苏格兰为背景的诗歌十分有名,但拜伦出现后,他意识到无法超越,转行开始写作历史小说,终于成为英语历史文学的一代鼻祖。

Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet, FRSE (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet.Scott was the first modern English-language author to have a truly international career in his lifetime,with many contemporary readers in Europe, Australia, and North America. His novels and poetry are still read, and many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.

In that pleasant district of merry England which is watered by the river Don, there extended in ancient times a large forest, covering the greater part of the beautiful hills and valleys which lie between Sheffield and the pleasant town of Doncaster. The remains of this extensive wood are still to be seen at the noble seats of Wentworth, of Warncliffe Park, and around Rotherham. Here haunted of yore the fabulous Dragon of Wantley; here were fought many of the most desperate battles during the Civil Wars of the Roses; and here also flourished in ancient times those bands of gallant outlaws, whose deeds have been rendered so popular in English song.

  • Chapter I

  • Chapter II

  • Chapter III

  • Chapter IV

  • Chapter V

  • Chapter VI

  • Chapter VII

  • Chapter VIII

  • Chapter IX

  • Chapter X

  • Chapter XI

  • Chapter XII

  • Chapter XIII

  • Chapter XIV

  • Chapter XV

  • Chapter XVI

  • Chapter XVII

  • Chapter XVIII

  • Chapter XIX

  • Chapter XX

  • Chapter XXI

  • Chapter XXII

  • Chapter XXIII

  • Chapter XXIV

  • Chapter XXV

  • Chapter XXVI

  • Chapter XXVII

  • Chapter XXVIII

  • Chapter XXIX

  • Chapter XXX

  • Chapter XXXI

  • Chapter XXXII.

  • Chapter XXXIII

  • Chapter XXXIV

  • Chapter XXXV

  • Chapter XXXVI

  • Chapter XXXVII

  • Chapter XXXVIII

  • Chapter XXXIX

  • Chapter XL

  • Chapter XLI

  • Chapter XLII

  • Chapter XLIII

  • Chapter XLI

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