瓦尔登湖
Walden

  • 作   者:

    梭罗
    Thoreau, H.D.

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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  •   读后感(1)

知道自己知道什么,也知道自己不知道什么,这就是真正的知识。

梭罗远离尘嚣,他想在自然的安谧中寻找一种本真的生存状态,寻求一种更诗意的生活。《瓦尔登湖》一书,详细地记录了作家在长达两年的时间里的日常生活状态以及所思所想,他在小木屋旁开荒种地,春种秋收,自给自足。他是一个自然之子,他崇尚自然,与自然交朋友,与湖水、森林和飞鸟对话,在林中观察动物和植物,在船上吹笛,在湖边钓鱼,晚上,在小木屋中记下自己的观察和思考。他追求精神生活,关注灵魂的成长,他骄傲地宣称:“每个人都是自己王国的国王,与这个王国相比,沙皇帝国也不过是一个卑微小国,犹如冰天雪地中的小雪团。”梭罗以他的实际行动告诉我们:人们所追求的大部分奢侈品,大部分的所谓生活的舒适,非但没有必要,而且对人类进步大有妨碍。

Walden by noted transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau, is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings. The work is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery, satire, and manual for self-reliance. First published in 1854, it details Thoreau's experiences over the course of two years, two months, and two days in a cabin he built near Walden Pond, amidst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. The book compresses the time into a single calendar year and uses passages of four seasons to symbolize human development.

亨利·戴维·梭罗(1817-1862),美国作家、思想家、自然主义者,19世纪超验主义运动的重要代表人物。

梭罗的著作都是根据他在大自然中的体验写成。发表了对自然、人生和文艺问题的见解。在他笔下,自然、人以及超验主义理想交融汇合,浑然一体。

梭罗是生活的智者,也是那个时代的孤独者。因为一个半世纪前,人类对于技术的崇拜与痴迷是不允许任何人来亵渎的。但随着时光的流逝,《瓦尔登湖》越来越得到人们的重视,梭罗的声誉也与日俱增,被誉为美国生态运动的思想先驱,他在书中所阐述的许多思想,已经成为美国精神的重要组成部分,影响了一代又一代人。

Henry David Thoreau (see name pronunciation; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian. A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Resistance to Civil Government (also known as Civil Disobedience), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

When I wrote the following pages, or rather the bulk of them, I lived alone, in the woods, a mile from any neighbor, in a house which I had built myself, on the shore of Walden Pond, in Concord, Massachusetts, and earned my living by the labor of my hands only. I lived there two years and two months. At present I am a sojourner in civilized life again.

  • Economy

  • Where I lived, and what I lived for

  • Reading

  • Sounds

  • Solitude

  • Visitors

  • The bean-field

  • The village

  • The ponds

  • Baker farm

  • Higher laws

  • Brute neighbors

  • House-warming

  • Former inhabitants; and winter visitors

  • Winter animals

  • The pond in winter

  • Spring

  • Conclusion

  • Copyright Page