雅各布哥哥
Brother Jacob

  • 作   者:

    乔治·艾略特
    George Eliot

  • 译   者:

    北京外国语大学翻译组

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥7.90

  • 6(3人评过)
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  •   读后感(1)

《雅各布哥哥》是艾略特所作,向萨克雷致敬的一部现代讽刺寓言。小说里每个人物都似乎缺少温暖的人情味,处于上升时期的资本主义社区里的人们,永不停歇地追求地位与财富,每一个隐喻都与商业和消费相关,每一个角色都形成一幅讽刺画:自以为是的幽默、机警而又善变的人格。这个故事充满了英国文学批评家最关注的话题——殖民主义、精神缺陷、虚拟身份。

David Faux is an apprentice at a confectionary store, but he hates it. He feels that he is better than other people, is above the average in intelligence, and he wants a job fitting his potential. He finishes his apprentice work, and then decides to run off to make his fortune. But he has no money. His family has some money, but not much. His father promised him 100 pounds in his will, but he was still alive. His mother has 20 pounds in a jar and promised each of her seven children a share. One of the sons, Jacob, is an idiot, who can hardly speak. David steals his mother's 20 pounds.

David takes the money and runs to hide it in a hole, but Jacob comes and recognizes that the 20 pounds belongs to his mother. David tries to distract Jacob by offering him candy, which he likes very much, but David doesn't understand an idiot. Jacob doesn't want to leave David who keeps giving him candy. George Elliot describes David's various humorous maneuvers to get away and travel to the West Indies.

Six years later, David returns to a small town in England far from his family. He takes the name Edward Freely and is determined to start a new life and be successful. He was unsuccessful in the West Indies. He opens a confectionary shop in the small town, and decides that he is going to marry the daughter of one of the town's richest men. Elliot describes how the suspicious small town people come to trust this stranger, how the women of the town give up much of their cooking and buy his goods, and how David fools the town into thinking he is from a prosperous family by putting the picture of a one-armed Navy Admiral in his shop and claiming the man is his uncle and by saying that he has another uncle in the West Indies who is very rich, has no heir, and promised him his fortune. The engagement is arranged. But, David sees a notice in the newspaper requesting him to contact an attorney from whom he will hear "something to his advantage."

David's father died and left him the 100 pounds, plus the nearly three pounds his mother promised him. David collects the money and returns to his false identity and promising future. But Jacob finds out where his candy man is living and clumsily and virtually incoherently arrives. Elliot describes this humorous arrival, the effect it has on the rich man and his daughter and the entire town, and how it affects David's plan to finally give up his confectionary business.

金钱的诱惑,亲情的丧失,再多的财富也无法挽回人格的缺失。《雅各布哥哥》以一位自私的青年男子为主人公,挖掘了小说探索人类自身弱点的能力。主人公偷了母亲的钱离家出走,欺骗了他的傻哥哥,跑到另一个城镇开起了自己的甜点生意,他的财富与日俱增,就在他拿到了父亲的遗产、马上要迎娶乡绅美丽的女儿时,其身份被揭开,他也随即失去了一切。

Brother Jacob, a short story by George Eliot, which describes a selfish young apprentice who steals money from his mother and runs away from home. He fools his idiot brother. His brother finds him steal money from his mother. David uses various humorous maneuvers to get away and travel to the West Indies. Six years later, David returns to a small town in England far from his family. He takes the name Edward Freely and is determined to start a new life and be successful. He opens a confectionary shop in the small town. But just after David gets money from his dead father and prepares to return to his false identity and promising future, Jacob finds out where his candy man is living and clumsily and virtually incoherently arrives. ThenDavid’s real identity has been revealed and he has lost everything.

乔治·艾略特(George Eliot),1819年11月22日—1880年12月22日,原名玛丽·安·伊万斯(Mary Ann Evans),出生在华威郡一个中产阶级商人家庭(父亲曾是木匠,后暴发成为房地产商人)。英国小说家,与狄更斯和萨克雷齐名。其主要作品有《弗洛斯河上的磨坊》,《米德尔马契》等。

Mary Anne (alternatively Mary Ann or Marian) Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880), better known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, journalist and translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. She is the author of seven novels, including Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and Daniel Deronda (1876), most of them set in provincial England and well known for their realism and psychological insight and her sophisticated character portraits.

格里姆沃斯的人开始强烈抵制他和他的食品,新学校快要建成了,餐室也关门了。且不说其他的原因,帕尔弗里家族是久居这个教区的体面家庭,单从对他们一家的同情心出发,所有体面的人家都已下定决心抵制弗瑞利的东西。再说,他还偷了他妈妈的几尼跑了:谁知道在来格里姆沃斯之前,比如在牙买加什么的地方他还干过什么事,是不是也隐藏了真实的身份去祸害其他家庭?女人们都感到不寒而栗。

The mind of Grimworth became obstinately set against him and his viands, and the new school being finished, the eating-room was closed.If there had been no other reason, sympathy with the Palfreys, that respectable family who had lived in the parish time out of mind, would have determined all well-to-do people to decline Freely’s goods.Besides, he had absconded with his mother’s guineas: who knew what else he had done, in Jamaica or elsewhere, before he came to Grimworth, worming himself into families under false pretences?Females shuddered.

小说塑造的每个人物似乎都缺少人情味,在处于上升时期的资本主义,人们不遗余力地追求地位与财富,小说里的每一个人物都形成一幅讽刺画:他们有的自以为是、有的机警而又善变。

Brother Jacob is by contrast Eliot's literary homage to Thackeray.

George Eliot is one of England's greatest novelists.

English Victorian novelist known for her sensitive and honest depiction of life and people, Marry Ann Evans wrote under the pseudonym of George Eliot. She is famous for the psychological analysis of her characters in works which are acclaimed as classics.

  • 第一章

  • 第二章

  • 第三章

  • CHAPTER I

  • CHAPTER II

  • CHAPTER III

  • 自私主义

    这是一篇讽刺性的文章,其风格有些类似于契诃夫的作品,语言幽默风趣情节安排得当合理,同时将一些丑恶的现象讽刺的淋漓尽致。本文针对的是当时英国社会上流行的殖民主义和个人自私自利的思想。文中主人公为了实现自己的梦想——创业致富,离开那个令自己毫无自豪感的家。不惜偷取母亲财产在大家都毫不知情的情况下,只身离开家门并一去不回……展开↓

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