嘉莉妹妹
Sister Carrie

  • 作   者:

    西奥多·德莱赛
    Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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  •   读后感(2)

德莱赛的作品充满长句,对细节有着极大的关注。由于他的作品探讨社会地位及人们对物欲的追求,他作品的现实主义风格及对细节的描写有力地烘托了主题。另一方面,这使得他的作品(特别是嘉莉妹妹)对于一些人来说很难阅读。他的第一部小说嘉莉妹妹(1900年),讲述了一个女人逃离乡村生活奔向城市(芝加哥)并堕落而后过着罪恶放纵生活的故事。发行上并没有花力气推广此书,因此销量不佳。德莱赛此后开始编辑女性杂志,一直到1910年由于办公室恋情不得不辞去工作。值得注意的是,德莱赛并不以他的风格著称,而是他作品的现实性,他笔下人物性格的发展变化以及他对美国生活的看法使他闻名。《嘉莉妹妹》以真切的现实主义为鲜明的特征,比较真实地揭露了20世纪初人们狂热的追求美国之梦的悲剧事实,揭示了驱驶人们享乐却最终幻灭的本能主题,说明了在以金钱为中心的美国资本主义社会里不可能有真正的幸福。

《嘉莉妹妹》描写了农村姑娘嘉莉来到大城市芝加哥寻找幸福,为摆脱贫困,出卖自己的贞操,先后与推销员和酒店经理同居,后又凭美貌与歌喉成为演员的故事。作家以嘉莉为代表深刻揭露了美国资本主义制度对贫苦人民压榨的残酷性和资产阶级生活方式对小资产阶级分子的腐蚀性。

Sister Carrie (1900) is a novel by Theodore Dreiser about a young country girl who moves to the big city where she starts realizing her own American Dream by first becoming a mistress to powerful men and later as a famous actress.— Excerpted from Sister Carrie on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

西奥多·赫曼·阿尔伯特·德莱赛(Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser,1871年6月27日-1945年12月28日),是一位以探索充满磨难的现实生活著称的美国自然主义作家。他走遍了芝加哥、匹兹堡、纽约等大城市,广泛深入地观察了解社会,为日后的文学创作积累了丰富的素材。

第一部小说为《嘉莉妹妹》(1900),通过农村姑娘嘉莉到芝加哥谋生而成为名演员的故事,揭露了资本主义社会繁荣外衣掩盖下的生存斗争,对美国贫富对立的社会作了深刻的描写。这部小说因被指控“有破坏性”而长期禁止发行,但一些散发出去的赠阅本却引起了许多重要作家的注意。1911年,《珍妮姑娘》问世,接着又发表了《欲望三部曲》的前两部《金融家》(1912)和《巨人》(1914),奠定了德莱塞在美国文学界的地位。《天才》(1915)是德莱塞自己最满意的一部长篇小说。它通过一青年画家的堕落控诉了资本主义社会对艺术的摧残。以真实的犯罪案件为题材的《美国的悲剧》(1925)是德莱塞的代表作。他的艺术特色——广阔的社会画面,丰富曲折的情节,深入细致的心理描述,不同情景的对比手法及独具个性的语言——统统体现在这部杰作中。

Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser is an American author of the naturalist school, known for dealing with the gritty reality of life.

When Caroline Meeber boarded the afternoon train for Chicago, her total outfit consisted of a small trunk, a cheap imitation alligator-skin satchel, a small lunch in a paper box, and a yellow leather snap purse, containing her ticket, a scrap of paper with her sister's address in Van Buren Street, and four dollar in money. It was in August, 1889. She was eighteen years of age, bright, timid, and full of the illusions of ignorance and youth. Whatever touch of regret at parting characterized her given up. A gush of tears at her mother's farewell kiss, mill where her father worked by the day, a pathetic sigh as the familiar green environs of the village passed in review and the threads which bound her so lightly to girlhood and home were irretrievably broken.

  • Chapter I. The Magnet Attracting: A Waif Amid Forces

  • Chapter II. What Poverty Threatened: Of Granite and Brass

  • Chapter III. We Question of Fortune: Four-Fifty a Week

  • Chapter IV. The Spendings of Fancy: Facts Answer with Sneers

  • Chapter V. A Glittering Night Flower: The Use of a Name

  • Chapter VI. The Machine and the Maiden: A Knight of To-Day

  • Chapter VII. The Lure of the Material: Beauty Speaks for Itself

  • Chapter VIII. Intimations by Winter: An Ambassador Summoned

  • Chapter IX. Convention's Own Tinder-Box: The Eye that is Green

  • Chapter X. The Counsel of Winter: Fortune's Ambassador Calls

  • Chapter 11: The Persuasion of Fashion: Feeling Guards O'er Its Own

  • Chapter XII. Of the Lamps of the Mansions: The Ambassador Plea

  • Chapter XIII. His Credentials Accepted: A Babel of Tongues

  • Chapter XIV. With Eyes and Not Seeing: One Influence Wanes

  • Chapter XV. The Irk of the Old Ties: The Magic of Youth

  • Chapter XVI. A Witless Aladdin: The Gate to the World

  • Chapter XVII. A Glimpse Through the Gateway: Hope Lightens the Eye

  • Chapter XVIII. Just Over the Border: A Hail and Farewell

  • Chapter XIX. An Hour In Elfland: A Clamour Half Heard

  • Chapter XX. The Lure of the Spirit: The Flesh In Pursuit

  • Chapter XXI. The Lure of the Spirit: The Flesh In Pursuit

  • Chapter XXII. The Blaze of the Tinder: Flesh Wars With the Flesh

  • Chapter XXIII. A Spirit In Travail: One Rung Put Behind

  • Chapter XXIV. Ashes of Tinder: A Face At the Window

  • Chapter XXV. Ashes of Tinder: The Loosing of Stays

  • Chapter XXVI. The Ambassador Fallen: A Search for the Gate

  • Chapter XXVII. When Waters Engulf Us We Reach for a Star

  • Chapter XXVIII. A Pilgrim, An Outlaw: The Spirit Detained

  • Chapter XXIX. The Solace of Travel: The Boats of the Sea

  • Chapter XXX. The Kingdom of Greatness: The Pilgrim a Dream

  • Chapter XXXI. A Pet of Good Fortune: Broadway Flaunts its Joys

  • Chapter XXXII. THe Feast of Belshazzar: A Seer to Translate

  • Chapter XXXIII. Without the Walled City: The Slope of the Years

  • Chapter XXXIV. The Grind of the Millstones: A Sample of Chaff

  • Chapter XXXV. The Passing of Effort: The Visage of Care

  • Chapter XXXVI. A Grim Retrogression: The Phantom of Chance

  • Chapter XXXVII. The Spirit Awakens: New Search for the Gate

  • Chapter XXXVIII. In Elf Land Disporting: The Grim World Without

  • Chapter XXXIX. Of Lights and of Shadows: The Parting of Worlds

  • Chapter XL. A Public Dissension: A Final Appeal

  • Chapter XLI. The Strike

  • Chapter XLII. A Touch of Spring: The Empty Shell

  • Chapter XLIII. The World Turns Flatterer: An Eye in the Dark

  • Chapter XLIV. And This is Not Elf Land: What Gold Will Not Buy

  • Chapter XLV. Curious Shifts of the Poor

  • Chapter XLVI. Stirring Troubled Waters

  • Chapter XLVII. The Way of the Beaten: A Harp In the Wind

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