英国的文艺复兴
The English Renaissance of Art

  • 作   者:

    奥斯卡·王尔德
    Oscar Wilde

  • 译   者:

    人民大学 李一凡

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥7.90

  • 8.3(7人评过)
  •   评论(9)
  •   读后感(1)

王尔德是唯美主义的代表人物,他认为美是至高无上的。在王尔德看来,生活摹仿艺术,而不是艺术摹仿生活。

作为一篇讲演词,王尔德充分发挥了他在口才方面的过人天赋,时而滔滔不绝引经据典,时而妙语连篇极尽讽刺。长达一万多字的演讲稿读去非但毫不觉沉闷,反而充满语言的魅力,但觉高潮迭起,妙趣横生。

As a lecturer, Wilde gives full play to his gift in eloquence. Sometimes he released his emotions in a torrent of words, citing from classics, and sometimes made witty remarks, with exceeding sarcasm. This lecture of more than ten thousand words is full of wit and humor.

王尔德在此篇演讲中赋予唯美主义运动以重大意义,视之为发生在英国的一次新的文艺复兴,对此次运动所以兴起的原因,运动的走向,以及该运动对英国文艺和社会的影响以及意义都进行了非常详尽的阐述。虽然作者表达了只追求完美的艺术形式,而不在意艺术的内容与社会效用这一观点,但仍将艺术与生活紧密联系起来,相信美的艺术能够提升人类生活的境界,引领人类步入更加美好和谐的生活。

The English Renaissance of Art is a lecture made by the author in the Chickering Hall of New York in January 9th of 1882. Wilde looks upon the aesthetic movement in England as a new renaissance. The author has made an elaboration as to the reason of the rise of the movement, its development direction, and its significance and impact. Although the author has expressed his ideas of art for art's sake, he does not divorce art from life. He feels it necessary to re-clarify the meaning of aesthetic art to people's lives.

奥斯卡·王尔德(Oscar Wilde)生于1854年,卒于1900年,为剧作家、诗人、散文家、艺术家、童话家,19世纪与萧伯纳齐名的英国才子。英国唯美主义艺术运动的倡导者。《典雅》杂志将他和安徒生相提并论。他一生只有九篇童话作品。《英国的文艺复兴》为作者1882年1月9日在纽约市奇克林大厅(Chickering Hall)所作的演讲。

Oscar Wilde (16 October 1854—30 November 1900) was an Irish writer, poet and essayist. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams, plays and the circumstances of his imprisonment, followed by his early death. As a playwright he was on a par with Bernard Shaw. He is a particularly enthusiastic advocate of aesthetic art movement. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays. The English Renaissance of Art is a lecture made by the author in the Chickering Hall of New York in January 9th of 1882.

我们在许多方面都受惠于歌德非凡的美学天赋,比如是他第一个教导我们要尽可能以最具体的语词去界说美,也就是说,总是以其特殊形态去表现美。因此,在我有幸献给诸位的这次演讲中,我将不会试图向大家提供任何关于美的抽象定义——任何18世纪的哲学家所找寻的那种关于美的普适性公式——更不会去阐述那种一幅画或是一首诗借以引发我们独特愉悦感的品质,因为其本质是不可言说的;而是想向各位指出那些刻画出了本世纪这场伟大的英国文艺复兴的总体思想,从而尽可能深地探寻它们的源流,同时尽可能远地预测它们的未来。

Among the many debts which we owe to the supreme aesthetic faculty of Goethe is that he was the first to teach us to define beauty in terms the most concrete possible, to realise it, I mean, always in its special manifestations.So, in the lecture which I have the honour to deliver before you, I will not try to give you any abstract definition of beauty—any such universal formula for it as was sought for by the philosophy of the eighteenth century—still less to communicate to you that which in its essence is incommunicable, the virtue by which a particular picture or poem affects us with a unique and special joy; but rather to point out to you the general ideas which characterise the great English Renaissance of Art in this century, to discover their source, as far as that is possible, and to estimate their future as far as that is possible.

王尔德是唯美主义的代表人物,他认为美是至高无上的。在王尔德看来,生活摹仿艺术,而不是艺术摹仿生活。

  • 英国的文艺复兴

  • The English Renaissance of Art

  • 英国文艺复兴

    我的观点与文章简介的观点不同,我不得不说,这篇文章十分枯燥乏味,而且难于理解。作为一名曾经学文的学生,有些地方我也没看明白,我觉得文章的语言太过复杂,让人看那半天才能理解,这样的方式不易于向读者们传达作者的观点。不过成功之处在于正确的论述了英国“文艺复兴”运动的作用及其意义。如果读者你是一位不曾研究过历史的人,通过……展开↓

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