大学的理念(英文版)(2018英语阅读大赛指定书目)
The Idea of A University

  • 作   者:

    约翰·亨利·纽曼(英)
    John Henry Newman

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥12.90

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《大学的理念》在英语世界第一次提出并系统论述了大学理念,而且系统地阐述了博雅教育的理想,并对这一理想给予了最有力的辩护。本书思深旨远,是西方高教思想历程中最重要的经典文献。自成书之日起,全世界范围内论及博雅教育者,言必称纽曼;20世纪以来,现代学者对于大学理念的经典理解在很大程度上都源自本书。

The view taken of a University in these Discourses is the following: That it is a place of teaching universal knowledge. This implies that its object is, on the one hand, intellectual, not moral; and, on the other, that it is the diffusion and extension of knowledge rather than the advancement. If its object were scientific and philosophical discovery, I do not see why a University should have students; if religious training, I do not see how it can be the seat of literature and science.

《大学的理念》是纽曼最重要也是最有影响力的代表作,强调了大学的人文教育功能,而不是单纯作为技术培训而存在。作为近代高等教育史上第一本论述大学理念的专著,本书在出版一百多年后的今天,仍对世界高等教育的发展有着积极的影响。

This book explained Newman's philosophy of education.The University [...] has this object and this mission; it contemplates neither moral impression nor mechanical production; it professes to exercise the mind neither in art nor in duty; its function is intellectual culture; here it may leave its scholars, and it has done its work when it has done as much as this. It educates the intellect to reason well in all matters, to reach out towards truth, and to grasp it.

约翰·亨利·纽曼原为圣公会的牧师,在1845年皈依罗马天主教,后来于1879年被教宗良十三世擢升为枢机,不过他并未被祝圣为主教,而是以司铎品的身份获得枢机头衔。他学问渊博,且勇敢讨论许多有关宗教信仰等问题,深入探讨信仰本质及教义的发展。

John Henry Newman (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was a Catholic cardinal and theologian who was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland.Newman was also a literary figure of note: his major writings including the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–66), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865),which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar.

In addressing myself, Gentlemen, to the consideration of a question which has excited so much interest, and elicited so much discussion at the present day, as that of University Education, I feel some explanation is due from me for supposing, after such high ability and wide experience have been brought to bear upon it, that any field remains for the additional labours either of a disputant or of an inquirer. If, nevertheless, I still venture to ask permission to continue the discussion, already so protracted, it is because the subject of Liberal Education, and of the principles on which it must be conducted, has ever had a hold upon my own mind; and because I have lived the greater part of my life in a place which has all that time been occupied in a series of controversies both domestic and with strangers, and of measures, experimental or definitive, bearing upon it.

  • Preface

  • Part 1 University Teaching

  • Part 2 University Subjects, Discussed in Occasional Lectures and Essays

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