欧洲文明史
The History of Civilization in Europe

  • 作   者:

    弗朗索瓦·皮埃尔·纪尧姆·基佐(法)
    Francois Pierre Guillaume Guizot

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

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  • 电子书:

    ¥12.90

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《欧洲文明史》从社会的角度来展示文明,以简练、压缩的手法成功地概述了欧洲文明的起源和发展,从公元5世纪写到法国革命前夕。本书是研究欧洲历史和文明史的重要书籍。

During Guizot's time at the University of Paris his lectures earned him a reputation as a historian of note. These lectures formed the basis of his general Histoire de la civilisation en Europe, and of his Histoire de la civilisation en France.

《欧洲文明史》系作者根据1828年在巴黎大学授课时的讲义加工而成,全书共14讲。作者认为,文明由两大事实组成:一方面是人类社会的发展,另一方面是人的自身的发展。而《欧洲文明史》只限于社会历史,从社会的角度来展示文明。书中主要论述欧洲文明的起源、发展和它的特性;罗马帝国覆亡时欧洲文明的诸不同因素;10世纪蛮族入侵结束,封建制度开始;封建制度的性质及其对近代文明的影响;5至12世纪基督教教会的状况及其历史作用;自治市镇的兴起、其内部管理及对文明进程的影响;十字军运动的起因、性质、后果;君主制的发展过程;欧洲建立政治体制的各种尝试;15世纪的特征;16世纪宗教改革的真实性质及其结果;英国革命的意义及其对文明进程的贡献;英国与大陆国家文明进程之异同;17、18世纪法国处于欧洲文明的领先地位。

Guizot's History describes the development of European civilization in terms of the inevitable advance of equality of conditions, due to many factors, including a new emphasis on the individual. The author explores the decentralization of power that characterized feudalism, the centralization of power after the fifteenth century, and finally the rebuilding of local autonomy necessary for representative and free government.

弗朗索瓦·皮埃尔·纪尧姆·基佐,法国著名的政治家和历史学家。主要著作有《欧洲代议制起源史》、《法国史概论》、《有关英国革命回忆录集》、《英王查理一世、查理二世在位时期英国革命史》、《欧洲文明史》和《法国文明史》等书。

François Pierre Guillaume Guizot (4 October 1787 – 12 September 1874) was a French historian, orator, and statesman. Guizot was a dominant figure in French politics prior to the Revolution of 1848. A conservative liberal who opposed the attempt by King Charles X to usurp legislative power, he worked to sustain a constitutional monarchy following the July Revolution of 1830. He then served the "citizen king" Louis Philippe, as Minister of Education, 1832–37, ambassador to London, Foreign Minister 1840–1847, and finally Prime Minister of France from 19 September 1847 to 23 February 1848. Guizot's influence was critical in expanding public education, which under his ministry saw the creation of primary schools in every French commune.

We were unable, at our last meeting, to terminate the inquiry into the state of the church from the fifth to the twelfth century. After having decided that it should be considered under three principal aspects—first, in itself alone, in its internal constitution, and in its nature as a distinct and independent society; next, in its relations to the sovereign and the temporal power; and lastly, in its relations with the people—we have only accomplished the first two divisions of this task. It now remains for me to make you acquainted with the church in its relations with the people. I shall afterwards endeavour to draw from this three-fold inquiry a general idea of the influence of the church upon European civilization from the fifth to the twelfth century. And lastly, we will verify our assertions by an examination of the facts, by the history of the church itself at that epoch.

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