昆虫记
The Records About Insects

  • 作   者:

    让·亨利·卡西米尔·法布尔(法)
    Jean-Henri Casimir Fabre

  • 译   者:

    顾漩,孙焕君

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    中文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥11.90

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打开《昆虫记》,蜘蛛、蜜蜂等许多人们熟知的昆虫走入了人们的视野,人们不但能从中了解到昆虫们生老病死的生命历程,了解昆虫的喜怒哀乐的丰富情感,了解昆虫经历的种种艰辛与危险,而且还能从中获得深刻的人生体验与生活感悟。书中详细并深刻地描绘了为快乐而放声高歌,永远不知疲倦的歌唱家蟋蟀;因为本能而遭到嘲笑,头脑简单的黄蜂;外表美丽而天性凶狠的冷酷“杀手”螳螂等昆虫,生动地再现了昆虫的本能、习性、劳动、婚恋、繁衍和死亡等情景,客观真实的描述中渗透着深厚的人文关怀,让读者在领略昆虫虫性的基础上反观社会人生,字里行间洋溢着睿智的哲思与优雅的情致。

Jean Henri Fabre devoted hours of rapt attention to insects while they hunted, built nests, and fed their families. Working in Provence, in barren, sun-scorched fields inhabited by countless wasps and bees, he observed their intricate and fascinating world, recounting their activities in simple, beautifully written essays. Blending folklore and mythology with factual explanation, these charmingly related stories of insect life are a rare combination of scientific study and literary classic that will delight entomologists, naturalists, and nature lovers alike.

《昆虫记》是19世纪法国博物学家法布尔最知名的著作,共10卷,在这部巨著中,法布尔为读者展现了一个充满生机和活力的昆虫世界。他用拟人化的语言书写虫界,以人性观虫,以虫性鉴人,形成虫人交相辉映、人虫彼此相融的唯美境界。其中部分章节被选入我国中小学语文教材。本书精选了原著中有关几种常见昆虫的章节,文字简洁优美,并配以100余幅手绘彩色插图。中国农业大学昆虫学系副教授、博士生导师徐环李审读全稿并作序。

The ten volumes of Souvenirs Entomoligiques which took almost 30 years to complete are the great heritage that prominent scientist has left us. These ten volumes have become the true gem of entomological science and naturalistic encyclopedia as well. Written in humanistic style and from the first person Fabre's obser­vations and experiments are so easy and fascinating to read that entomology had finally become popular among nature-lovers without a science degree.

让·亨利·卡西米尔·法布尔(1823年12月22日 – 1915年10月11日) ,法国杰出昆虫学家、文学家,是第一位在自然环境中研究昆虫的科学家。出生于法国南部普罗旺斯的圣莱昂的一户农民家庭,法布尔因家境贫困,被送到离该村不远的马拉瓦尔祖父母家中寄养,当时年幼的他已被乡间的蝴蝶与蝈蝈儿这些可爱的昆虫所吸引。15岁时,他只身报考阿维尼翁市的师范学院,后来被正式录取。毕业后,法布尔获得一中学教员职位。课堂教学之余,法布尔阅读了一本昆虫学著作,从此萌生了要毕生研究昆虫的伟大志向。那一年,他不足19岁。法布尔生活的每一天每一夜,独自的、安静地研究,艰辛地付出,持之以恒地努力,换来的是丰硕的果实——《昆虫记》。法布尔因此被誉为“昆虫诗人”。

Jean-Henri Casimir Fabre (December 22, 1823 – October 11, 1915) was a French naturalist, entomologist, and author known for the lively style of his popular books on the lives of insects. Fabre was born in Saint-Léons in Aveyron, France. He acquired a primary teaching certificate at the young age of 19 and began teaching in Carpentras whilst pursuing further studies. However, he is probably best known for his findings in the field of entomology, the study of insects, and is considered by many to be the father of modern entomology. His Souvenirs Entomologiques is a series of texts on insects and arachnids. He influenced the later writings of Charles Darwin, who called Fabre "The Homer of Insects".

法国著名博物学家雷奥米尔(1683-1757)写过一部名为《昆虫志》的著作,其中一卷描述了一种善于在石墙上筑巢的昆虫,被他称作石蜂。这里,我打算从另一个视角继续讲述石蜂的故事,作为对雷奥米尔大作的补充。这位伟大的观察者恰好完全忽略了下面要讲的内容。首先,我想讲一讲我是怎么和这种花蜂结缘的。

Assisted by luck, the animalcule attains its winter refuge, attaches itself by means of its stylets, imbibes and in turn founds a colony itself, but with less zeal apparently than its predecessors, who were blessed by the heat of the summer. By the same method of rapid procreation employed by its predecessors, that is, live birth without sexual intercourse, it surrounds itself with a modest tribe of offspring that ultimately take the form of black, alate aphids, like the ones that we saw previously, emigrating from the galls.

  • 译者简介

  • 导读

  • 本版说明

  • 昆虫知识

  • Chapter 1 第一章 石蜂

  • Chapter 2 第二章 蝉

  • Chapter 3 第三章 蟋蟀

  • Chapter 4 第四章 螳螂

  • Chapter 5 第五章 蛾

  • Chapter 6 第六章 甲虫

  • Chapter 7 第七章 种子里的寄生虫

  • 附录 法布尔生平年表

  • 青少年科学素养文库

  • 版权页

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