大学的理念(上)
The Idea of A University

  • 作   者:

    约翰·亨利·纽曼
    John Henry Newman

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 电子书:¥12.90
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在英语世界第一次提出并系统论述了大学理念,而且系统地阐述了博雅教育的理想。

The view taken of a University in these Discourses is the following: That it is a place of teaching universal knowledge. This implies that its object is, on the one hand, intellectual, not moral; and, on the other, that it is the diffusion and extension of knowledge rather than the advancement. If its object were scientific and philosophical discovery, I do not see why a University should have students; if religious training, I do not see how it can be the seat of literature and science.

《大学的理念》是纽曼最重要也是最有影响力的代表作,强调了大学的人文教育功能,而不是单纯作为技术培训而存在。作为近代高等教育史上第一本论述大学理念的专著,本书在出版一百多年后的今天,仍对世界高等教育的发展有着积极的影响。本书思深旨远,是西方高教思想历程中最重要的经典文献。自成书之日起,全世界范围内论及博雅教育者,言必称纽曼;20世纪以来,现代学者对于大学理念的经典理解在很大程度上都源自本书。本书是《大学的理念》的上篇“大学教育”。

This book explained Newman's philosophy of education.The University [...] has this object and this mission; it contemplates neither moral impression nor mechanical production; it professes to exercise the mind neither in art nor in duty; its function is intellectual culture; here it may leave its scholars, and it has done its work when it has done as much as this.It educates the intellect to reason well in all matters, to reach out towards truth, and to grasp it. This is Part I:University Teaching.

约翰·亨利·纽曼原为圣公会的牧师,在1845年皈依罗马天主教,后来于1879年被教宗良十三世擢升为枢机,不过他并未被祝圣为主教,而是以司铎品的身份获得枢机头衔。他学问渊博,且勇敢讨论许多有关宗教信仰等问题,深入探讨信仰本质及教义的发展。

John Henry Newman (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was a Catholic cardinal and theologian who was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland.Newman was also a literary figure of note: his major writings including the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–66), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865),which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar.

当今,大学教育这个话题已然激起极大兴趣,引发热烈讨论。尽管人们已用高超的才能和丰富的经验讨论了该问题,但我仍然认为,无论是有意争辩还是爱寻根问底之人,都有必要在任何领域再多费些力气,对此我自觉必须做出解释。可是,假如我还是斗胆请求继续这场旷日持久的讨论,那是因为通识教育及其实施原则一直以来都是我无法释怀的一个话题,也因为我生活了大半辈子的地方,向来就遭受着来自业内业外的一系列相关争议,经历过施加于其上的诸多实验性或确定性的有关措施。

In addressing myself, Gentlemen, to the consideration of a question which has excited so much interest, and elicited so much discussion at the present day, as that of University Education, I feel some explanation is due from me for supposing, after such high ability and wide experience have been brought to bear upon it, that any field remains for the additional labours either of a disputant or of an inquirer. If, nevertheless, I still venture to ask permission to continue the discussion, already so protracted, it is because the subject of Liberal Education, and of the principles on which it must be conducted, has ever had a hold upon my own mind; and because I have lived the greater part of my life in a place which has all that time been occupied in a series of controversies both domestic and with strangers, and of measures, experimental or definitive, bearing upon it.

  • 前言

  • 第一讲:导语

  • 第二讲:神学乃知识分支

  • 第三讲:神学对其他学问门类的影响

  • 第四讲:其他知识分支对神学的影响

  • 第五讲:知识乃自身目标

  • 第六讲:从与学习的关系看知识

  • 第七讲:从与职业技能的关系看知识

  • 第八讲:从与宗教的关系看知识

  • 第九讲:教会对知识的责任

  • Preface

  • Discourse 1. Introductory

  • Discourse 2. Theology a Branch of Knowledge

  • Discourse 3. Bearing of Theology on Other Branches of Knowledge

  • Discourse 4. Bearing of Other Branches of Knowledge on Theology

  • Discourse 5. Knowledge Its Own End

  • Discourse 6. Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Learning

  • Discourse 7. Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Professional Skill

  • Discourse 8. Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Religion

  • Discourse 9. Duties of the Church Towards Knowledge

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