大学的理念(下)
The Idea of A University

  • 作   者:

    约翰·亨利·纽曼
    John Henry Newman

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 电子书:¥12.90
  • 0(0人评过)
  •   评论(0)
  •   读后感(0)

在英语世界第一次提出并系统论述了大学理念,而且系统地阐述了博雅教育的理想。

The view taken of a University in these Discourses is the following: That it is a place of teaching universal knowledge. This implies that its object is, on the one hand, intellectual, not moral; and, on the other, that it is the diffusion and extension of knowledge rather than the advancement. If its object were scientific and philosophical discovery, I do not see why a University should have students; if religious training, I do not see how it can be the seat of literature and science.

《大学的理念》是纽曼最重要也是最有影响力的代表作,强调了大学的人文教育功能,而不是单纯作为技术培训而存在。作为近代高等教育史上第一本论述大学理念的专著,本书在出版一百多年后的今天,仍对世界高等教育的发展有着积极的影响。本书思深旨远,是西方高教思想历程中最重要的经典文献。自成书之日起,全世界范围内论及博雅教育者,言必称纽曼;20世纪以来,现代学者对于大学理念的经典理解在很大程度上都源自本书。这是本书的下篇“在讲座和文章中临时讨论的大学科目”。

This book explained Newman's philosophy of education.The University [...] has this object and this mission; it contemplates neither moral impression nor mechanical production; it professes to exercise the mind neither in art nor in duty; its function is intellectual culture; here it may leave its scholars, and it has done its work when it has done as much as this. It educates the intellect to reason well in all matters, to reach out towards truth, and to grasp it.This is Part 2: University Subjects, Discussed in Occasional Lectures and Essays

约翰·亨利·纽曼原为圣公会的牧师,在1845年皈依罗马天主教,后来于1879年被教宗良十三世擢升为枢机,不过他并未被祝圣为主教,而是以司铎品的身份获得枢机头衔。他学问渊博,且勇敢讨论许多有关宗教信仰等问题,深入探讨信仰本质及教义的发展。

John Henry Newman (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was a Catholic cardinal and theologian who was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland.Newman was also a literary figure of note: his major writings including the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–66), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865),which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar.

诸位,如今在这所新大学已经在开设哲学与文学学院了(以前称为文艺学院),既然如此,我们自然应当将注意力转移到这么一个问题上来,即这个学院在上述名目下一般应当包括哪些学科,在一所大学及其提供的教育当中,这些学科应当占据什么地位,以及它们如何保持这样的地位。尽管文学院在学科体系中仅居次要地位,当前这样做也是合情合理的。可是,考虑到文学院包含的那些研究几乎就是适合于一所大学锤炼心智的直接主题和主要内容,这件事情对我们来说就更加紧迫了。

It seems but natural, Gentlemen, now that we are opening the School of Philosophy and Letters, or, as it was formerly called, of Arts, in this new University, that we should direct our attention to the question, what are the subjects generally included under that name, and what place they hold, and how they come to hold that place, in a University, and in the education which a University provides. This would be natural on such an occasion, even though the Faculty of Arts held but a secondary place in the academical system; but it seems to be even imperative on us, considering that the studies which that Faculty embraces are almost the direct subject-matter and the staple of the mental exercises proper to a University.

  • 自荐信

  • 广告

  • 第一讲:基督教与文学,在哲学与文学学院的演讲

  • 第二讲:文学——在哲学与文学院的演讲

  • 第三讲:英语中的天主教文学

  • 第四讲:初级教育

  • 第五讲:今日一种形式的背信

  • 第六讲:论大学布道

  • 第七讲:基督教与自然科学,在医学院的演讲

  • 第八讲:基督教与科学探索,为理学院写的演说词

  • 第九讲:思维训练,在夜校的演讲

  • 第十讲:基督教与医学科学,对医学院学生的演

  • Introductory Letter

  • Advertisement

  • Lecture 1. Christianity and Letters. A Lecture in the School of Philosophy and Letters

  • Lecture 2. Literature. A Lecture in the School of Philosophy and Letters

  • Lecture 3. English Catholic Literature

  • Lecture 4. Elementary Studies

  • Lecture 5. A Form of Infidelity of the Day

  • Lecture 6. University Preaching

  • Lecture 7. Christianity and Physical Science. A Lecture in the School of Medicine

  • Lecture 8. Christianity and Scientific Investigation. A Lecture Written for the School of Science

  • Lecture 9. Discipline of Mind. An Address to the Evening Classes

  • Lecture 10. Christianity and Medical Science. An Address to the Students of Medicine

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…
    评论加载中...