教育论
Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical

  • 作   者:

    赫伯特·斯宾塞
    Herbert Spencer

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 电子书:

    ¥10.90

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一本书带您了解英国经济繁荣时期资产阶级对教育的新要求。

原名为《教育──智育、德育和体育》,由斯宾塞1854、1858、1859年陆续发表的4篇教育论文汇编而成,1861年在伦敦出版。该书主要从理论上论证与宣传19世纪英国资本主义经济繁荣发展时期,资产阶级对教育的新要求,书中贯穿了斯宾塞的实证主义哲学观和资产阶级的社会政治思想。

This volume concerns education of the physical, moral and spiritual nature, in addition to contemplating what knowledge is worth. Herbert Spencer was the pre-eminent philosopher and sociologist of the Victorian era in Britain; his views on "social Darwinism" are largely discredited today, but still latent.

赫伯特•斯宾塞(1820年4月27日-1903年12月8日),英国哲学家。他为人所共知的就是“社会达尔文主义之父”。所提出一套的学说把进化理论“适者生存”应用在社会学,尤其是教育及阶级斗争。但是,他的著作对很多课题都有贡献,包括规范、形而上学、宗教、政治、修辞、生物和心理学等等。

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era. Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. He was "an enthusiastic exponent of evolution" and even "wrote about evolution before Darwin did." As a polymath, he contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, religion, anthropology, economics, political theory, philosophy, literature, biology, sociology, and psychology. During his lifetime he achieved tremendous authority, mainly in English-speaking academia.

毫无疑问,我们已经注意到,人类对身体的装饰早于衣着的出现。例如有人愿意忍着肉体的剧痛刺漂亮的文身,却不愿试着减轻他们遭受的严寒酷热之苦。探险家洪堡告诉我们,在奥里诺科河流域,不太在乎身体舒适的印第安人愿意劳动两个星期只为买涂抹后让自己能看上去光鲜亮丽的颜料;同样,当地的妇女会毫不犹豫地裸体走出茅屋,却不敢有违礼节不涂颜料就出门。

It has been truly remarked that, in order of time, decoration precedes dress. Among people who submit to great physical suffering that they may have themselves handsomely tattooed, extremes of temperature are borne with but little attempt at mitigation. Humboldt tells us that an Orinoco Indian, though quite regardless of bodily comfort, will yet labour for a fortnight to purchase pigment wherewith to make himself admired; and that the same woman who would not hesitate to leave her hut without a fragment of clothing on, would not dare to commit such a breach of decorum as to go out unpainted.

  • 第一章 什么知识最具价值

  • 第二章 智育

  • 第三章 德育

  • 第四章 体育

  • Chapter 1 What Knowledge Is of Most Worth?

  • Chapter 2 Intellectual Education

  • Chapter 3 Moral Education

  • Chapter 4 Physical Education

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