乌合之众
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind

  • 作   者:

    古斯塔夫·勒庞
    Gustave Le Bon

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

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群体只会干两种事:锦上添花或落井下石。

《乌合之众》是古斯塔夫·勒庞的重要著作,本书极为精致地描述了集体心态,在社会心理学领域极具影响力,同时难得篇幅不长,是群体行为的研究者不可不读的文献。这本书可不是只供心理学研究者钻研的,其指出了群体行为对特点以及对社会产生的破坏性影响,值得每一位对哲学、社会、心理感兴趣的读者细细研读。

The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895. In the book, Le Bon claims that there are several characteristics of crowd psychology: "impulsiveness, irritability, incapacity to reason, the absence of judgement of the critical spirit, the exaggeration of sentiments, and others...".

古斯塔夫·勒庞(Gustave Le Bon,1841-1931),法国社会心理学家、社会学家,群体心理学的创始人,有“群体社会的马基亚维利”之称。勒庞的思想和理论对社会心理学产生了较大影响,同时也成为现代意识形态研究中不可或缺的内容。

Gustave Le Bon (7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a French social psychologist, sociologist, anthropologist, inventor, and amateur physicist. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind. His writings incorporate theories of national traits, racial and male superiority, herd behavior and crowd psychology.

从平常的角度来看,“群体”一词的意思是许多个人的聚集,无论他们的国籍、职业、性别和聚集的原因是什么。而从心理学的角度看,“群体”则有着截然不同的意义。在特定的环境下,且仅在这些环境下,聚集在一起时,群体会呈现出个人原来没有的特征。群体中各人的情感和观念会相一致,而个人有意识的人格则会消失。集体思维因而形成,这一过程无疑是短暂的,但会表现出明确的特征。这一集体便进入了一种状态,因为没有更好的说法,我姑且称之为组织化的群体,或者换个更可取的说法,一个心理群体。它会形成一种独立的存在,这种存在遵循群体精神统一律的法则。

In its ordinary sense the word “crowd” means a gathering of individuals of whatever nationality, profession, or sex, and whatever be the chances that have brought them together. From the psychological point of view the expression “crowd” assumes quite a different signification. Under certain given circumstances, and only under those circumstances, an agglomeration of men presents new characteristics very different from those of the individuals composing it. The sentiments and ideas of all the persons in the gathering take one and the same direction, and their conscious personality vanishes. A collective mind is formed, doubtless transitory, but presenting very clearly defined characteristics. The gathering has thus become what, in the absence of a better expression, I will call an organised crowd, or, if the term is considered preferable, a psychological crowd. It forms a single being, and is subjected to the LAW OF THE MENTAL UNITY OF CROWDS.

  • 前言

  • 序言:群体时代

  • 第一卷 群体心理

  • 第二卷 群体意见和群体信仰

  • 第三卷 不同群体的分类及描述

  • Preface

  • Introduction: The Era of Crowds

  • Book I The Mind of Crowds

  • Book II The Opinions and Beliefs of Crowds

  • Book III The Classification and Description of the Different Kinds of Crowds

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