新工具
Novum Organum

  • 作   者:

    弗朗西斯·培根
    Francis Bacon

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥12.90

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知识就是力量,是促进科学研究的正确的方法。

《新工具》是培根未完成的巨著《伟大的复兴》6个部分中的第二部分,是这部书已完成部分的主体,于1620年出版。书中批判了经院哲学的观点,指出它脱离自然,脱离实际,于人生毫无补益。它是近代欧洲哲学中关于科学的认识理论和方法的重要著作。

It is a philosophical work by Francis Bacon, written in Latin and published in 1620. The title is a reference to Aristotle's work Organon, which was his treatise on logic and syllogism. In this book, Bacon details a new system of logic he believes to be superior to the old ways of syllogism. This is now known as the Baconian method.

弗朗西斯·培根(Francis Bacon),英国文艺复兴时期最重要的散文家、哲学家。他不但在文学、哲学上多有建树,在自然科学领域里,也取得了重大成就。培根是一位经历了诸多磨难的贵族子弟,复杂多变的生活经历丰富了他的阅历,随之而来的是他成熟的思想,富含哲理的深邃的言论。他的整个世界观是现世的而不是宗教的(虽然他坚信上帝)。他是一位理性主义者而不是迷信的崇拜者,是一位经验论者而不是诡辩学者;在政治上,他是一位现实主义者而不是理论家。他曾说过:“知识就是力量。”

Francis Bacon(22 January 1561–9 April 1626), was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.

人只能顺从自然和阐释自然,他所能做的、所能理解的,仅仅局限于他对自然规律的实际观察或者思考所得。除此之外,他一无所知,也无能为力。

Man, being the servant and interpreter of Nature, can do and understand so much and so much only as he has observed in fact or in thought of the course of nature. Beyond this he neither knows anything nor can do anything.

  • 作者序

  • 卷一

  • 卷二

  • Author's Preface

  • Book One

  • Book Two

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