修辞学
Rhetoric

  • 作   者:

    亚里士多德
    Aristotle

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

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亚里士多德教您如何运用 “晓之以理、动之以情”的说服技巧。

《修辞学》是亚里士多德的重要代表作,提出了诸如演说者当尊重事实与真理,论证要言之成理,合乎逻辑等一系列有深远意义的原则,是欧洲文艺理论史上第一部系统的修辞学理论著作。

Aristotle's Rhetoric is an ancient Greek treatise on the art of persuasion, dating from the 4th century BC. The English title varies: typically it is titled Rhetoric, the Art of Rhetoric, or a Treatise on Rhetoric.

亚里士多德(前384-322)出生在希腊北部的斯塔基拉,是希腊伟大的哲学家、科学家。他的父亲,尼克马库斯在他儿时去世,随后阿塔纽斯成为他的监护人。18岁时,他加入雅典柏拉图的学院,并在那里一直留到37岁(公元前347年)。他的著作包含许多学科——有物理学、生物学、动物学、玄学、逻辑学、伦理学、美学、诗歌、戏剧、音乐学、修辞学、语言学、政治学。其著作构建了西方哲学的第一个广泛系统。柏拉图去世后,亚里士多德离开雅典,应马其顿菲利普的要求在前356到323年之间担任亚历山大大帝的家庭教师。根据大英百科全书所说,“亚里士多德是历史上第一位真正的科学家”。

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in Stagirus, northern Greece, in 384 BCE. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, whereafter Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BCE). His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great between 356 and 323 BCE. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Aristotle was the first genuine scientist in history. ... Every scientist is in his debt."

修辞学与辩证法相对应 ,因为二者均必须探讨所有人都或多或少能够理解的事物,而不局限于任何具体学科。因此可以说所有人都或多或少地拥有这两种技艺,因为他们在一定程度上都会力图批判或支持某个观点,来捍卫自己或攻击他人。大多数人做这些事情的时候,要么是随机为之,要么是熟能生巧。但是,既然这两种方式都有可能,那么我们显然可以将其纳入一个体系,因为我们可以探究为什么有的人因熟能生巧而达成目的,有的人则依靠运气。大家应该都会同意,这种探究正是一门艺术的功能。

Rhetoric is a counterpart of Dialectic; for both have to do with matters that are in a manner within the cognizance of all men and not confined to any special science. Hence all men in a manner have a share of both; for all, up to a certain point, endeavor to criticize or uphold an argument, to defend themselves or to accuse. Now, the majority of people do this either at random or with a familiarity arising from habit. But since both these ways are possible, it is clear that matters can be reduced to a system, for it is possible to examine the reason why some attain their end by familiarity and others by chance; and such an examination all would at once admit to be the function of an art.

  • 第一卷

  • 第二卷

  • 第三卷

  • Book I

  • Book II

  • Book III

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