真理的意义:《实用主义》续篇
The Meaning of Truth: A Sequel to “Pragmatism”

  • 作   者:

    威廉·詹姆斯
    William James

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

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  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

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经验是一种历程,没有任何一种观点可以宣称是真理的最后篇章。

《真理的意义:<实用主义>续篇》是威廉·詹姆斯的重要哲学著作。在詹姆斯的代表作《实用主义》一书出版后,不少人对实用主义的学说关于真理问题的叙述提出了批评。《真理的意义》一书就是为驳斥这些批评意见,特别是反驳布拉德雷、席勒等人的攻击所作的回复。该书的中心是讨论真理问题。

The work of a leading figure in the transition from a predominantly European-centered 19th-century philosophy to a new American philosophy, this volume presents a full and definitive expression of the pragmatist epistemology. It encompasses everything James had hitherto written on the theory of knowledge, including later polemic and expository contributions, and replies to previous criticism.

威廉•詹姆斯(William James,1842-1910),美国心理学之父。美国本土第一位哲学家和心理学家,也是教育学家,实用主义的倡导者,美国机能主义心理学派创始人之一,也是美国最早的实验心理学家之一。1875年,建立美国第一个心理学实验室。1904年当选为美国心理学会主席,1906年当选为国家科学院院士。2006年,詹姆斯被美国的权威期刊《大西洋月刊》评为影响美国的100位人物之一(第62位)。

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist who was also trained as a physician. The first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States,James was one of the leading thinkers of the late nineteenth century and is believed by many to be one of the most influential philosophers the United States has ever produced, while others have labelled him the "Father of American psychology".Along with Charles Sanders Peirce and John Dewey, he is considered to be one of the major figures associated with the philosophical school known as pragmatism, and is also cited as one of the founders of functional psychology. He also developed the philosophical perspective known as radical empiricism. James' work has influenced intellectuals such as émile Durkheim, W. E. B. Du Bois, Edmund Husserl, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Hilary Putnam, and Richard Rorty.

下文探究的并不是认知是“怎样来的”,而是它“是什么”(姑且援用读者熟悉的沙德沃思•霍奇逊先生的区别说法加以说明)。我们所谓的认知行为显然借由所谓的大脑及其活动来实现,不论是否存在与大脑动态相连的“灵魂”。但是,大脑或灵魂都不是本文讨论的话题。在本文中,我们只是假定认知通过某种方式生产出来;而且,我们只限于探询认知包括哪些元素,隐含着哪些因素。

The following inquiry is (to use a distinction familiar to readers of Mr. Shadworth Hodgson) not an inquiry into the “how it comes”, but into the “what it is” of cognition. What we call acts of cognition are evidently realized through what we call brains and their events, whether there be “souls” dynamically connected with the brains or not. But with neither brains nor souls has this essay any business to transact. In it we shall simply assume that cognition is produced, somehow, and limit ourselves to asking what elements it contains, what factors it implies.

  • 第一章 认知的功能

  • 第二章 印度老虎

  • 第三章 人道主义与真理

  • 第四章 认识者与被认识者的关系

  • 第五章 人道主义的本质

  • 第六章 再谈真理

  • 第七章 普拉特教授论真理

  • 第八章 实用主义对真理的阐释及其误解者

  • 第九章 真理一词的意义

  • 第十章 尤利乌斯·恺撒的存在

  • 第十一章 绝对与勤勉的生活

  • 第十二章 赫伯特教授论实用主义

  • 第十三章 抽象主义和“相对主义”

  • 第十四章 两位英国批评者

  • 第十五章 对话

  • Preface

  • Chapter I The Function of Cognition

  • Chapter II The Tigers in India

  • Chapter III Humanism and Truth

  • Chapter IV The Relation Between Knower and Known

  • Chapter V The Essence of Humanism

  • Chapter VI A Word More About Truth

  • Chapter VII Professor Pratt on Truth

  • Chapter VIII The Pragmatist Account of Truth and Its Misunderstanders

  • Chapter IX The Meaning of the Word Truth

  • Chapter X The Existence of Julius Caesar

  • Chapter XI The Absolute and the Strenuous Life

  • Chapter XII Professor Hébert on Pragmatism

  • Chapter XIII Abstractionism and "Relativismus"

  • Chapter XIV Two English Critics

  • Chapter XV A Dialogue

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…