Nature: The Living Record of Science (Astronomy)

  • 作   者:

    Lu Yongxiang; Sir John Maddox; Philip Campbell

  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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The first volume of Nature: The Living Record of Science included the classic papers published in the Nature magazine from 1869 to 1930. It contains 106 articles, which including physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy and earth science. Since the publication of the Nature in 1869 to 1930, breakthrough advances have emerged in the fields of physics, biology, and other fields: Pasteur studies the pathogenic microbes that lead to the disease of the Bombyx mori; Gray invented the device to transmit notes through the current - telephone. Raymond Dart found a skull in Taung and named the species Australopithecus Africanus; Davidson and Germer found the scattering of electrons; Raman found the anomalous scattering phenomenon - the Raman effect; Dirac predicted the existence of the positron...

The natural magnificant science over hundred years is all in this volume!


Nature: The Living Record of Science (first volume) contains and translates 106 essays published by the international academic journal Nature from 1869 to 1930, which reproduces the scientific development of the 40 years from the end of nineteenth Century to the early twentieth Century, and shows that researchers in the field of physical, chemical, biological, astronomical, astronomical, geosciences and so on have been trudging hard and exploring continuously. This volume is a branch of astronomy.

达尔文、爱因斯坦、沃森、克里克、霍金、麦克斯韦等顶尖科学家都是本套丛书这些经典文献的作者,本套丛书由著名美籍华裔物理学家、诺贝尔物理学奖获得者李政道担任总顾问,全国人大常委会副委员长、时任中科院院长路甬祥担任中方主编,《自然》杂志前任主编约翰•马多克斯爵士(Sir John Maddox)和《自然》杂志现任主编菲利普•坎贝尔(Philip Campbell)担任英方主编。

Darwin, Einstein, Watson, Crick, Crick, Hawking, Maxwell, and other top scientists are the authors of this series of books; the famous Chinese American physicists, Nobel physics prize winner Tsung Dao Lee took the chair of the general adviser. While the deputy chairman of the NPC regular Committee, the president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Lu Yongxiang served as the Chinese editor in chief, the former editor of Sir John Maddox and the current editor in chief of Nature magazine Philip Campbell contributed as the British editor in chief.


In planning determinations of the solar parallax from the Transits of Venus, it has hitherto been the custom to depend entirely upon the observations of the internal contact of the limbs of the sun and planet proposed by Halley. It is a little remarkable, that while astronomical observations in general have attained a degree of accuracy wholly unthought of in the time of Halley, this particular observation has never been made with a precision at all approaching that which Halley believed that he himself had actually attained. In his paper he states that he was sure of the time of the internal contact of Mercury and the sun within a second. The latest observations of a transit of Mercury, made in November 1868, are, as we shall presently see, uncertain by several seconds. It is also well known that the observations of the last transit of Venus, that of June 1769, failed to fix the solar parallax with the certainty which was looked for, the result of the standard discussion being now known to be erroneous by one-thirtieth of its entire amount. One of the first steps to carry out the object of the present paper will be an inquiry into the causes of this failure, and into the different views which have been held respecting it.


The ten volume book, Nature: The Living Record of Science is the first collection of Chinese Bilingual edition of Nature, which brings together the significant articles, great discoveries and inventions in all fields of Natural Science (biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, material, basic medicine, earth science, etc.) that published on Natural magazine since the publication of the Nature since 1869. Each article is equipped with a short guide written by the senior editor of Nature magazine. The Chinese translation is checked by scientific researchers and scientists from various fields in China. Through the unique perspective of this set of papers, readers can understand how the frontiers and hot spots of science have changed over the past century, which usually reflects the broader trends in social and political life at that time.

  • 近期的日全食

  • 观测太阳光谱

  • 观测太阳光谱

  • 所有的星云都是恒星系统吗?

  • 星云在哪里?

  • 关于太阳的物质组成

  • 观测太阳光谱

  • 太阳能量的来源

  • 太阳能量的来源

  • 太阳能量的来源

  • 即将到来的金星凌日

  • 太阳的燃料

  • 太阳黑子的周期

  • 恒星的质量与发光度之间的关系

  • 发现海外行星

  • 洛威尔对海外行星的预言

  • 恒星的结构和恒星能量的起源

  • The Recent Total Eclipse of the Sun

  • Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

  • Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

  • Are Any of the Nebulae Star-Systems?

  • Where Are the Nebulae?

  • The Physical Constitution of the Sun

  • Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

  • The Source of Solar Energy

  • The Source of Solar Energy

  • The Source of Solar Energy

  • The Coming Transits of Venus

  • Fuel of the Sun

  • Periodicity of Sun-spots

  • The Connexion of Mass with Luminosity for Stars

  • Discovery of a Trans-Neptunian Planet

  • Lowell’s Prediction of a Trans-Neptunian Planet

  • Stellar Structure and the Origin of Stellar Energy