论法的精神(第一卷)
The Spirit of Laws (Book I)

  • 作   者:

    查理·路易·孟德斯鸠
    Montesquieu

  • 译   者:

    李伟荣

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥11.90

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“在中国最有影响的十部法国书籍之一”。

The Spirit of Laws is one of the ten most influential French books in China.

论法的精神(第一卷)主要谈法和法的精神的一般概念以及法律和政体性质与原则的关系。

The Spirit of Laws( Book I) focuses on the general concept of the spirit of law and the relationship between the nature and principles of law and government.

查理·路易·孟德斯鸠(Montesquieu,1689—1755),法国18世纪启蒙思想家,近代西方政治与法理学思想体系的主要奠基人。孟德斯鸠是一位百科全书式的学者,在学术上取得了巨大成就,曾被选为波尔多科学院院士、法国科学院院士、英国皇家学会会员、柏林皇家科学院院士。

Montesquieu (1689-1755), was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher.He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word "despotism" in the political lexicon. He has made great achievements and was elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences of Bordeaux, a member of the French Academy of Sciences, a member of the Royal Society, and a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Berlin.

政治自由并非为所欲为。在一个国家里,即在一个有法律的社会里,自由只能是人们有权做并应该做的事,而不是被迫做的不应该做的事。

我们应该记住什么是独立,什么是自由。自由是有权做一切法律允许的事情。然而,一旦某个公民做了法律禁止做的事情,那么他就不再享有自由了,因为其他人同样有这个权利。

Political liberty does not consist in an unlimited freedom. In governments, that is, in societies directed by laws, liberty can consist only in the power of doing what we ought to will, and in not being constrained to do what we ought not to will.

We must have continually present to our minds the difference between independence and liberty. Liberty is a right of doing whatever the laws permit, and if a citizen could do what they forbid he would be no longer possessed of liberty, because all his fellow-citizens would have the same power.

  • 著者原序

  • 公告

  • 第一章 论普通法

  • 第二章 论直接源自政体性质的法

  • 第三章 论三种政体的原则

  • 第四章 教育法应该与政体原则相宜

  • 第五章 论立法应与政体原则相适应

  • 第六章 论各种政体原则所产生的结果与民法、刑法的繁简,判决的形式,处罚的方式等之间的关系

  • 第七章 三种政体不同原则与禁奢法、奢侈以及妇女状况的因果关系

  • 第八章 三种政体原则的腐化

  • Preface

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  • Chapter I Of Laws in General

  • Chapter II Of Laws Directly Derived from the Nature of Government

  • Chapter III Of the Principles of the Three Kinds of Government

  • Chapter IV That the Laws of Education Ought to Be in Relation to the Principles of Government

  • Chapter V That the Laws Given by the Legislator Ought to Be in Relation to the Principle of Government

  • Chapter VI Consequences of the Principles of Different Governments with Respect to the Simplicity of Civil and Criminal Laws, the Form of Judgments, and the Inflicting of Punishments

  • Chapter VII Consequences of the Different Principles of the Three Governments with Respect to Sumptuary Laws, Luxury, and the Condition of Women

  • Chapter VIII Of the Corruption of the Principles of the Three Governments

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