论法的精神(第四卷)
The Spirit of Laws (Book IV)

  • 作   者:

    查理·路易·孟德斯鸠
    Montesquieu

  • 译   者:

    李伟荣

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥11.90

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“在中国最有影响的十部法国书籍之一”。

The Spirit of Laws is one of the ten most influential French books in China.

论法的精神(第四卷)主要谈法律和贸易。

The Spirit of Laws (Book IV) mainly talks about law and trade.

查理·路易·孟德斯鸠(Montesquieu,1689—1755),法国18世纪启蒙思想家,近代西方政治与法理学思想体系的主要奠基人。孟德斯鸠是一位百科全书式的学者,在学术上取得了巨大成就,曾被选为波尔多科学院院士、法国科学院院士、英国皇家学会会员、柏林皇家科学院院士。

Montesquieu (1689-1755), was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher.He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word "despotism" in the political lexicon. He has made great achievements and was elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences of Bordeaux, a member of the French Academy of Sciences, a member of the Royal Society, and a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Berlin.

贸易自然会催生和平。有了贸易关系,两个国家就会变得相互依存。因为一方从买进获利,而另一方则从卖出获利。因此,他们的结合是建立在相互需要的基础上的。

然而,尽管这种贸易精神可以把各个国家连接在一起,却无法将人与人连接起来。我们看到,在受贸易精神影响的国家里,所有人的行为和道德品质都变成了交易品,就连做一些人道主义精神所要求的最琐碎的事情也是以金钱为目的。

Peace is the natural effect of trade. Two nations who traffic with each other become reciprocally dependent; for if one has an interest in buying, the other has an interest in selling: and thus their union is founded on their mutual necessities.

But if the spirit of commerce unites nations, it does not in the same manner unite individuals. We see that in countries where the people move only by the spirit of commerce, they make a traffic of all the humane, all the moral virtues; the most trifling things, those which humanity would demand, are there done, or there given, only for money.

  • 第一章 基于贸易的本质和特点,论与贸易相关的法律

  • 第二章 基于世界上已发生的变革,论与贸易相关的法律

  • 第三章 论法律与货币使用的关系

  • 第四章 论法律与人口的关系

  • Chapter I Of Laws in Relation to Commerce, Considered in Its Nature and Distinctions

  • Chapter II Of Laws in Relation to Commerce, Considered in the Revolutions it Has Met with in the World

  • Chapter III Of Laws in Relation to the Use of Money

  • Chapter IV Of Laws in the Relation They Bear to the Number of Inhabitants

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