论法的精神(第五卷)
The Spirit of Laws (Book V)

  • 作   者:

    查理·路易·孟德斯鸠
    Montesquieu

  • 译   者:

    李伟荣

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥9.90

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“在中国最有影响的十部法国书籍之一”。

The Spirit of Laws is one of the ten most influential French books in China.

论法的精神(第五卷)谈法律和宗教的关系,各种部门法的使用范围等问题。

The Spirit of Laws (Book V) discourses the relationship between law and religion, the scope of use of various departmental laws and other issues.

查理·路易·孟德斯鸠(Montesquieu,1689—1755),法国18世纪启蒙思想家,近代西方政治与法理学思想体系的主要奠基人。孟德斯鸠是一位百科全书式的学者,在学术上取得了巨大成就,曾被选为波尔多科学院院士、法国科学院院士、英国皇家学会会员、柏林皇家科学院院士。

Montesquieu (1689-1755), was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher.He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word "despotism" in the political lexicon. He has made great achievements and was elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences of Bordeaux, a member of the French Academy of Sciences, a member of the Royal Society, and a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Berlin.

在一团漆黑之中,我们能辨别出什么地方最亮;在数个深渊面前,我们能探明哪个深渊最浅。同样,在众多虚伪的宗教当中,我们能找到那些最符合社会利益的宗教。虽然这些宗教不能把我们领入另一个极乐世界,但却可以给我们今生带来最大限度的幸福。

基督教要求人们相亲相爱。毫无疑问,该宗教希望每个民族都享有最好的政治法律和最好的民事法规。因为除基督教之外,这些最好的法律法规就是人们能够“给予”和“接受”的最大的幸福了。

As amidst several degrees of darkness we may form a judgment of those which are the least thick, and among precipices which are the least deep, so we may search among false religions for those that are most conformable to the welfare of society; for those which, though they have not the effect of leading men to the felicity of another life, may contribute most to their happiness in this.The Christian religion, which ordains that men should love each other, would, without doubt, have every nation blest with the best civil, the best political laws; because these, next to this religion, are the greatest good that men can give and receive.

  • 第一章 论法律与教义及宗教自身的关系

  • 第二章 论法律与各国宗教的建立以及各国对外政策的关系

  • 第三章 论法律和法律所裁定的事物秩序的关系

  • Chapter I Of Laws in relation to Religion Considered in Itself, and in Its Doctrines

  • Chapter II Of Laws in Relation to the Establishment of Religion and Its External Polity

  • Chapter III Of Laws in Relation to the Order of Things Which They Determine

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