旧制度与大革命
The Old Regime and the Revolution

  • 作   者:

    阿历克西·德·托克维尔
    Alex de Tocqueville

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥11.90

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声势浩大的法国大革命推翻了统治法国多个世纪的波旁王朝,但受旧制度深刻影响下的法国社会矛盾激化,社会动荡愈演愈烈……

《旧制度与大革命》是法国历史学家托克维尔的经典著作,探讨了具有划时代意义的法国大革命与旧制度之间的内在关联,以及革命对于法国乃至整个欧洲产生的深远影响。全书篇幅较短,文字简洁明了,但又运用详实的史料与严密的逻辑,具有极强的可读性,内涵深厚,语言生动。书中对法国大革命起源、特点的深入总结,以及自由、民主、平等价值等讨论,不仅对于有助于研究了解法国历史,其体现的社会政治规律对于当下中国也具有现实意义。

The Old Regime and the Revolution is one of the major early historical works on the French Revolution written by the French historian Alexis de Tocqueville, which investigates the relationship between the old regime and the revolution as well as the influence of the revolution.

作者阿历克西·德·托克维尔(Alexis de Tocqueville)是法国的外交家,政治思想家和历史学家。托克维尔的代表作是1835年问世的《论美国的民主》第一卷,第二卷出版于1840年,以及1856年出版的《旧制度与大革命》。1839年起任众议院议员,二月革命后参与第二共和国宪法的制订,并在1849年6至10月担任外交部长。他因反对1851年12月的路易·拿破仑政变而一度入狱。路易·波拿巴的1851年12月政变和第二帝国专制政府的建立令他悲观失望,迫使他成为“国内流亡者”。

Alexis de Tocqueville was a French diplomat, political scientist and historian. He was best known for his works Democracy in America (appearing in two volumes, 1835 and 1840) and The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856). Since 1839, he served as a member of the House of Representatives. After the February 1848 Revolution, he participated in drafting of the new Constitution of the Second Republic (1848–1851), and once served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from June to October 1849. Opposing to Louis Napoléon Bonaparte's 2 December 1851 coup, he was detained. The December 1851 coup and the establishment of the Second Empire’s authoritarian regime made him pessimistic and disappointed, forcing him to become a “domestic exile”.

In planning the gigantic enterprise of 1943 it was not possible for us to lay aside all other duties. Our first Imperial obligation was to defend India from The book I now publish is not a history of the Revolution. That history has been too brilliantly written for me to think of writing it afresh. This is a mere essay on the Revolution.

The French made, in 1789, the greatest effort that has ever been made by any people to sever their history into two parts, so to speak, and to tear open a gulf between their past and their future. In this design, they took the greatest care to leave every trace of their past condition behind them; they imposed all kinds of restraints upon themselves in order to be different from their ancestry; they omitted nothing which could disguise them.

  • Preface

  • Book I

  • Book II

  • Appendix

  • NOTES

  • NOTE REFERRING TO VARIOUS PASSAGES IN THIS VOLUME

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