《自然》百年科学经典(第二卷)化学分册(英汉对照本)
Nature: The Living Record of Science (Chemistry)

  • 作   者:

    菲利普·哈尔托赫、罗伯特·鲁宾逊、欧内斯特·卢瑟福等
    P. J. Hartog, R. Robinson,E. Rutherford

  • 译   者:

    王耀杨、李世媛等

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥16.90

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百年来对世界产生重要影响的创新文章收录,与读者一同见证世界发展的科学历史。

《<自然>百年科学经典》第二卷收录了自1931年至1933年发表在《自然》杂志上的经典论文,涵盖了物理、化学、生物、天文、地球科学五个学科领域,共计103篇。在这短短两三年间,物理学、天文学和生物学等领域均出现了突破性的进展:米耳恩提出恒星构造的理论;北京猿人头骨特征公布;爱丁顿断言决定论在衰落;查德威克发现中子;斯潘塞指出玻陨石的成因;阿德里安揭示神经元的基本功能…… 百年自然科学的波澜壮阔,尽在《〈自然〉百年科学经典》!

菲利普·哈尔托赫(Sir Joseph Joseph Hartog)英国化学家和教育家。

罗伯特·鲁宾逊(Sir Robert Robinson) 英国有机化学家,1947年诺贝尔奖获得者。

欧内斯特·卢瑟福(Ernest Rutherford) 新西兰出生的英国物理学家,后来被称为核物理之父。

Sir Philip Joseph Hartog, KBE, CIE (2 March 1864 – 27 June 1947) was a British chemist and educationalist who undertook this role in England and India. An outstanding service to the University, the Empire, and the Eastern world, in general, was his large share in the creation in the middle of the 1914-18 war of the School of Oriental Studies, to which the name "African" was added later. His keen and helpful interest was maintained until his last working days. 

Sir Robert Robinson (13 September 1886 – 8 February 1975) was a British organic chemist and Nobel laureate recognised in 1947 for his research on plant dyestuffs (anthocyanins) and alkaloids. In 1947, he also received the Medal of Freedom with Silver Palm.

E. Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937), was a New Zealand-born British physicist who came to be known as the father of nuclear physics. Encyclopædia Britannica considers him to be the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday (1791–1867).

有很多理由吸引化学家从事天然和人造染色物质的研究,不仅由于色彩能引起愉悦感,可以更深入地认识叶绿素和血红蛋白在生命过程中履行的某些重要功能,以及染料与颜料对于工业的重要性,还由于可见的颜色比任何其他性质都更适合用于有机物质的实验研究,无论是分析还是合成。可见的颜色可以提供同质性的标准或者说是浓度的量度,在寻求分离和提纯方法中起着难以估量的指导作用,并且,颜色的出现和消失可以立刻指示化学反应的发生。难怪很多无色物质的研究最终得以成功都有待于某种特征性显色反应的发现;维生素A就是一个显著的例子。

The chemist has been attracted to the investigation of natural and artificial colouring matters for a variety of reasons, including not only colour-pleasure, the incentive of the knowledge that chlorophyll and haemoglobin perform some of the most important functions in vital processes, and the industrial importance of dyestuffs and pigments, but also on account of the fact that visible colour more than any other property facilitates the experimental study of organic substances whether by analysis or synthesis. It furnishes a standard of homogeneity or a measure of concentration, it is an invaluable guide in the search for methods of separation and purification, and it at once indicates, by its appearance or disappearance, the occurrence of a chemical reaction. Small wonder that the successful outcome of the investigation of many colourless substances has awaited the discovery of some characteristic colour-reaction; a noteworthy example being vitamin A. 

  • 氢可能具有质量数为2的同位素

  • 普里斯特利发现氧气的日期和地点

  • 液晶

  • 重氢和重水

  • 天然染色物质及其类似物

  • 自由基

  • 重氢

  • A Possible Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2

  • Date and Place of Priestley's Discovery of Oxygen

  • Liquid Crystals

  • Heavy Hydrogen and Heavy Water

  • Natural Colouring Matters and Their Analogues

  • Free Radicals

  • Heavy Hydrogen

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