《自然》百年科学经典(第二卷)天文学分册(英汉对照本)
Nature: The Living Record of Science (Astronomy)

  • 作   者:

    洛克耶、普洛克特、格雷格等
    J. N. Lockyer, R. A. Proctor, R. P. Greg

  • 译   者:

    汪浩、刘东亮、史春晖等

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥24.90

  • 0(0人评过)
  •   评论(0)
  •   读后感(0)

百年来对世界产生重要影响的创新文章收录,与读者一同见证世界发展的科学历史。

《<自然>百年科学经典》第一卷收录了1869年至1930年发表在《自然》杂志上的经典论文,涵盖了物理、化学、生物、天文、地球科学等学科,共计106篇。自《自然》杂志1869年创刊至1930年这段时间,物理学、生物学等领域均出现了突破性的进展:巴斯德研究发现导致家蚕微粒子病的病原微生物;格雷发明通过电流传送音符的装置——电话;达特发现汤恩头骨并提出南方古猿非洲种的命名;戴维森和革末发现电子的散射现象;拉曼发现反常散射现象——拉曼效应;狄拉克预言正电子的存在……

百年自然科学的波澜壮阔,尽在《〈自然〉百年科学经典》!

洛克耶(Lockyer , Sir Joseph Norman) 英国天文学家。

普洛克特(Proctor, Richard Anthony) 英国天文学家。

格雷格·劳克林(Greg Laughlin) 美国天文学家,加利福尼亚大学圣克鲁斯分校的恒星形成专家。

Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer, (17 May 1836 – 16 August 1920), known simply as Norman Lockyer, was an English scientist and astronomer. Along with the French scientist Pierre Janssen he is credited with discovering the gas helium. Lockyer also is remembered for being the founder and first editor of the influential journal Nature.

Richard Anthony Proctor (23 March 1837 – 12 September 1888) was an English astronomer. He is best remembered for having produced one of the earliest maps of Mars in 1867 from 27 drawings by the English observer William Rutter Dawes.

Gregory P. Laughlin is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Yale University. He is interested in hydrodynamic simulations, the characterization of extrasolar planets and planet-forming environments as well as the far future of the universe.

利用金星凌日确定太阳视差的方法最早是由哈雷提出的,这种方法依赖于对太阳和行星内切的观测。这里尚有一点值得商榷,就是他在论文中说他确定的水星和太阳内切的时间可以精确到一秒以内。尽管现在的天文观测已经达到了哈雷时代无法想象的精度,但实际测量依然没能达到哈雷认为他自己曾经实际达到过的精度。最近一次(1868年11月)对水星凌日的观测,内切时间仍有几秒的误差。而且大家也都知道在对1769年6月的上一次金星凌日观测时,并没有以预期的精度确定太阳的视差,而现在知道了当时的结果有1/30的误差。

In planning determinations of the solar parallax from the Transits of Venus, it has hitherto been the custom to depend entirely upon the observations of the internal contact of the limbs of the sun and planet proposed by Halley. It is a little remarkable, that while astronomical observations in general have attained a degree of accuracy wholly unthought of in the time of Halley, this particular observation has never been made with a precision at all approaching that which Halley believed that he himself had actually attained. In his paper he states that he was sure of the time of the internal contact of Mercury and the sun within a second. The latest observations of a transit of Mercury, made in November 1868, are, as we shall presently see, uncertain by several seconds. It is also well known that the observations of the last transit of Venus, that of June 1769, failed to fix the solar parallax with the certainty which was looked for, the result of the standard discussion being now known to be erroneous by one-thirtieth of its entire amount. One of the first steps to carry out the object of the present paper will be an inquiry into the causes of this failure, and into the different views which have been held respecting it.

  • 恒星的构造和恒星能量的起源

  • 恒星的构造

  • 恒星的构造

  • 恒星的构造

  • 以数学物理的视角看宇宙的终点

  • 恒星的构造

  • 原子合成与恒星能量

  • 白矮星的内部温度

  • 膨胀的宇宙

  • 白矮星

  • 恒星的内部温度

  • 原子嬗变和恒星温度

  • 原子嬗变和恒星温度

  • Stellar Structure and the Origin of Stellar Energy

  • Stellar Structure

  • Stellar Structure

  • Stellar Structure

  • The End of the World: from the Standpoint of Mathematical Physics

  • Stellar Structure

  • Atomic Synthesis and Stellar Energy

  • The Internal Temperature of White Dwarf Stars

  • The Expanding Universe

  • White Dwarf Stars

  • Internal Temperature of Stars

  • Atomic Transmutation and the Temperatures of Stars

  • Atomic Transmutation and Stellar Temperatures

    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…
    评论加载中...