Nature: The Living Record of Science (Biology)

  • 作   者:

    E. W. MacBride, F. G. Hopkins

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  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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欧内斯特·威廉·麦克布赖德(E. W. MacBride)英国动物学家。

弗雷德里克·高兰·霍普金斯(F. G. Hopkins)英国生物化学家。

Ernest William MacBride (12 December 1866, Belfast – 17 November 1940, Alton, Hampshire) was a British/Irish marine biologist,one of the last supporters of Lamarckian evolution.

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (20 June 1861 – 16 May 1947) was an English biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929, with Christiaan Eijkman, for the discovery of vitamins, even though Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist, is widely credited with discovering vitamins. He also discovered the amino acid tryptophan, in 1901. He was President of the Royal Society from 1930 to 1935.


Notwithstanding the subtle character of the riddles of life, this problem has presented itself at every stage of science, since any scientific explanation necessarily must consist in reducing the description of more complex phenomena to that of simpler ones. At the moment, however, the unsuspected discovery of an essential limitation of the mechanical description of natural phenomena, revealed by the recent development of the atomic theory, has lent new interest to the old problem. This limitation was, in fact, first recognised through a thorough study of the interaction between light and material bodies, which disclosed features that cannot be brought into conformity with the demands hitherto made to a physical explanation. As I shall endeavour to show, the efforts of physicists to master this situation resemble in some way the attitude which biologists more or less intuitively have taken towards the aspects of life. Still, I wish to stress at once that it is only in this formal respect that light, which is perhaps the least complex of all physical phenomena, exhibits an analogy to life, the diversity of which is far beyond the grasp of scientific analysis.

  • 胚胎学与进化

  • 胚胎学与进化

  • 维生素B

  • 维生素B

  • 维生素B

  • 蛋白质的结构与变性

  • 维生素B2的化学性质

  • 蛋白质的分子量

  • 遗传的细胞学理论

  • 北京人的头骨

  • 维生素在化学方面的新进展

  • 活细胞氧化

  • 催情激素

  • 病毒的生物学本质

  • 生物学的进展

  • 维生素D及其相关化合物的晶体结构

  • 作为抗坏血病因子的己糖醛酸

  • 一种合成的催情化合物

  • 葱属植物体细胞染色体结构与分裂

  • 数量遗传学中孟德尔因子的数量

  • 光与生命

  • 神经冲动的物理学本质

  • 氨基酸、蛋白质和蛋白质水解酶I

  • 氨基酸、蛋白质和蛋白质水解酶II

  • 活生物体中的结晶

  • 肿瘤以及其他组织中所含的维生素C等还原性物质的化学检测

  • 有丝分裂与减数分裂

  • 肿瘤遗传学

  • 视网膜中的维生素A

  • 生命的某些化学面貌

  • 神经细胞的活性

  • 纤维的X射线分析

  • 有关基因概念的一般本质

  • 肌肉中血红蛋白的氧亲和力

  • 烟草花叶病毒的可能化学本质

  • Embryology and Evolution

  • Embryology and Evolution

  • Vitamin B

  • Vitamin B

  • Vitamin B

  • Protein Structure and Denaturation

  • Chemistry of Vitamin B2

  • The Molecular Weights of Proteins

  • Cytological Theory in Relation to Heredity

  • The Peking Skull

  • Recent Advances in the Chemistry of the Vitamins

  • Oxidation by Living Cells

  • Oestrus-Producing Hormones

  • The Biological Nature of the Viruses

  • Progressive Biology

  • Crystal Structures of Vitamin D and Related Compounds

  • Hexuronic Acid as the Antiscorbutic Factor

  • A Synthetic Oestrus-Exciting Compound

  • Structure and Division of Somatic Chromosomes in Allium

  • Number of Mendelian Factors in Quantitative Inheritance

  • Light and Life

  • The Physical Nature of the Nerve Impulse

  • Amino-Acids, Proteins and Proteolytic Enzymes: I

  • Amino-Acids, Proteins and Proteolytic Enzymes: II

  • Crystals of the Living Body

  • Chemical Test for Vitamin C, and the Reducing Substances Present in Tumour and Other Tissues

  • Mitosis and Meiosis

  • The Genetics of Cancer

  • Vitamin A in the Retina

  • Some Chemical Aspects of Life

  • The Activity of Nerve Cells

  • X-Ray Analysis of Fibres

  • The General Nature of the Gene Concept

  • Oxygen Affinity of Muscle Haemoglobin

  • Possible Chemical Nature of Tobacco Mosaic Virus