Introduction to Psychology

  • 作   者:

    Paul Bloom

  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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It is all about perception, love, desire, hunger, art, dream...everything you want to know!


This course explores topics such as perception, communication, learning, memory, decision-making, religion, persuasion, love, lust, hunger, art, fiction, and dreams. We will look at how these aspects of the mind develop in children, how they differ across people, how they are wired-up in the brain, and how they break down due to illness and injury.


Paul Bloom is a professor of Psychology at Yale University. He was born in Montreal, Canada, was an undergraduate at McGill University, and did his doctoral work at MIT. He has published in many scientific journals such as Nature and Science, and in popular outlets such as The New York Times and The Atlantic Monthly. He is the co-editor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and the author of two books: How Children Learn the Meanings of Words and Descartes' Baby: How the Science of Child Development Explains What Makes Us Human. His research explores children's understanding of art, religion, and morality.

第5讲 婴儿是如何思考的:思维的发展历程




Lecture 5 What Is It Like to Be a Baby: The Development of Thought

Most of what we do these days – our methods, our theories, our ideas – are shaped, to some extent, by Piaget's influence. And so, what I want to do is begin this class that's going to talk about cognitive development by talking about his ideas. His idea was that children are active thinkers; they're trying to figure out the world. He often described them as little scientists. And incidentally, to know where he's coming from on this, he had a very dramatic and ambitious goal. He didn't start off because he was interested in children. He started off because he was interested in the emergence of knowledge in general. It was a discipline he described as genetic epistemology – the origins of knowledge. But he studied development of the individual child because he was convinced that this development will tell him about the development of knowledge more generally.

There's a very snooty phrase that--I don't know if you ever heard it before. It's a great phrase. It's "Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny". And what that means is that development of an individual mimics or repeats development of the species. Now, it's entirely not true. But it's a beautiful phrase and Piaget was committed to this. He was very interested in saying, "Look. We'll figure how a kid develops and that will tell us about the development of knowledge more generally."






  • 第1讲 课程介绍

  • 第2讲 基础:这是你的大脑

  • 第3讲 基础:弗洛伊德

  • 第4讲 基础:斯金纳

  • 第5讲 婴儿是如何思考的:思维的发展历程

  • 第6讲 我们如何交流?思想,语言和手语

  • 第7讲 当前意识;过去意识;语言;愿景与记忆

  • 第8讲 意识的呈现:意识到过去、视觉记忆

  • 第9讲 进化、情感、和理性;爱

  • 第10讲 演化、情感、理性之进化的合理性

  • 第11讲 演化、情感、理性之情感第一部分

  • 第12讲 演化、情感、理性之情感,第二部分

  • 第13讲 人们为什么会有差异?

  • 第14讲 什么激发我们:性

  • 第15讲 一个人在这个世界上的人;道德

  • 第16讲 一个人在这个世界上的人;自我和其它 第一部分

  • 第17讲 一个人在这个世界上的人;自我和其它 第二部分

  • 第18讲 当事情不顺的时候会发生什么事情:精神病 第一部分

  • 第19讲 当事情不顺的时候会发生什么事情:精神病 第二部分

  • 第20讲 最好的生活;幸福

  • Lecture 1 Introduction

  • Lecture 2 Foundations: This Is Your Brain

  • Lecture 3 Foundations: Freud

  • Lecture 4 Foundations: Skinner

  • Lecture 5 What Is It Like to Be a Baby: The Development of Thought

  • Lecture 6 How Do We Communicate?: Language in the Brain, Mouth and the Hands

  • Lecture 7 Conscious of the Present; Conscious of the Past: Language (cont.); Vision and Memory

  • Lecture 8 Conscious of the Present; Conscious of the Past: Vision and Memory (cont.)

  • Lecture 9 Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Love (Guest Lecture by Professor Peter Salovey)

  • Lecture 10 Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Evolution and Rationality

  • Lecture 11 Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Emotions, Part I

  • Lecture 12 Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Emotions, Part II

  • Lecture 13 Why Are People Different?: Differences

  • Lecture 14 What Motivates Us: Sex

  • Lecture 15 A Person in the World of People: Morality

  • Lecture 16 A Person in the World of People: Self and Other, Part I

  • Lecture 17 A Person in the World of People: Self and Other, Part II; Some Mysteries: Sleep, Dreams, and Laughter

  • Lecture 18 What Happens When Things Go Wrong: Mental Illness, Part I (Guest Lecture by Professor Susan Nolen-Hoeksema)

  • Lecture 19 What Happens When Things Go Wrong: Mental Illness, Part II

  • Lecture 20 The Good Life: Happiness