一个自己的房间
A Room of One's Own

  • 作   者:

    弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫
    Virginia Woolf

  • 译   者:

    河南城建学院 吴来安

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

  • 8(3人评过)
  •   评论(19)
  •   读后感(4)

“一个女人要写小说,她必须有钱,有一个她自己的房间。”

The title of the essay comes from Woolf's conception that, "a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction". Woolf notes that women have been kept from writing because of their relative poverty, and financial freedom will bring women the freedom to write; "In the first place, to have a room of her own was out of the question, unless her parents were exceptionally rich or very noble".

The essay examines whether women were capable of producing, and in fact free to produce work of the quality of William Shakespeare, addressing the limitations that past and present women writers face.

伍尔夫的《一间自己的房间》是适合许多人阅读的书,尤其是女子。作为女性主义的先驱,弗吉尼亚•伍尔夫的这本书体现了她的一系列女性主义观点。她提出女性从事写作要有“一个自己的房间”,建构女性自己的话语方式,倡导双性同体理论等。本书从现实的生活环境谈到女人应当怎样才能独立、怎样才能平静而独立地思考,文笔细腻、机智风趣,是女性文学的传世名篇。

Virginia Woolf is the feminist pioneer. A Room of One's Own is an extended essay by Virginia Woolf. First published on 24 October 1929, the essay was based on a series of lectures she delivered at Newnham College and Girton College, two women's colleges at Cambridge University in October 1928. While this extended essay in fact employs a fictional narrator and narrative to explore women both as writers of and characters in fiction, the manuscript for the delivery of the series of lectures, titled Women and Fiction, and hence the essay, are considered non-fiction. The essay is generally seen as a feminist text, and is noted in its argument for both a literal and figural space for women writers within a literary tradition dominated by patriarchy.

弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫(Virginia Woolf,1882年1月25日—1941年3月28日)。英国小说家、散文家、批评家,被誉为二十世纪现代主义与女性主义的先锋。最知名的小说包括《达洛维夫人》、《灯塔行》、《雅各的房间》。

Adeline Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882—28 March 1941) was an English writer, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century.

Her most famous works include the novels Mrs. Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One's Own (1929), with its famous dictum, "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction."

我所能做的就是,就一个小问题给你们一个观点——一个女人要写小说,她必须有钱,有一个她自己的房间;你们会看到,这就使得女人真正的性格以及小说真正的性质这个大问题得不到解决。

All I could do was to offer you an opinion upon one minor point—a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction; and that, as you will see, leaves the great problem of the true nature of woman and the true nature of fiction unsolved.

她的文章围绕“女性写小说”这个话题展开。她打着“女人要想写小说,必须有钱,再加一间自己的房间。”这个旗帜,剩下的就是将这种思想的原因娓娓道来。在这篇随笔中,伍尔夫虚构了一个“我”,自由地向我们讲述她的意识流动。

作为女性,应该拥有一个属于自己的房间,这个房间,既是物质上的空间,也是精神上的独立,只有这样,才会有灵魂的自由和艺术上的提高。

她被誉为“20世纪最佳女作家”。

和当时的詹姆斯·乔伊斯,还有法国的普鲁斯特等创作意识流文学作品的作家一起,把意识流小说推向世界,极大地影响了世界范围内传统的写作手法,他们的出现,成为了传统文学和现代文学的一个分水岭。

Amazon.com Review:

Surprisingly, this long essay about society and art and sexism is one of Woolf's most accessible works. Woolf, a major modernist writer and critic, takes us on an erudite yet conversational—and completely entertaining—walk around the history of women in writing, smoothly comparing the architecture of sentences by the likes of William Shakespeare and Jane Austen, all the while lampooning the chauvinistic state of university education in the England of her day. When she concluded that to achieve their full greatness as writers, women will need a solid income and a privacy, Woolf pretty much invented modern feminist criticism.

  • 第一章

  • 第二章

  • 第三章

  • 第四章

  • 第五章

  • 第六章

  • CHAPTER ONE

  • CHAPTER TWO

  • CHAPTER THREE

  • CHAPTER FOUR

  • CHAPTER FIVE

  • CHAPTER SIX

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