我姨妈的奇遇
The Adventure of My Aunt

  • 作   者:

    华盛顿·欧文
    Washington Irving

  • 译   者:

    中国石油大学 温少蕾

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 6(3人评过)
  •   评论(82)
  •   读后感(7)

在世人眼中,姨妈的故事是或许是圆满的,但霍桑却让我们看到了人性中黑暗、虚伪、狡诈的一面,所以,你以为你以为的就是你以为的?

姨妈精明强干、果断决绝、风韵犹存。丈夫受不了她的强势,最后死于她无微不至的照顾,成为了婚姻的牺牲品。她带着所有人的夸赞搬到了乡下,在成功地逮住了想要窃取她财产的盗贼之后,顺顺当当地嫁给了爱慕已久的当地乡绅。在世人眼中姨妈的故事是圆满的,但霍桑却让我们看到了人性中黑暗、虚伪、狡诈的一面。

华盛顿·欧文是19世纪美国最著名的作家,号称美国文学之父。1783年4月3日出生在纽约一个富商家庭。欧文从少年时代起就喜爱阅读英国作家司各特、拜仑和彭斯等人的作品。欧文的第一部重要作品是《纽约外史》。1820年,欧文的《见闻札记》出版,引起欧洲和美国文学界的重视,这部作品奠定了欧文在美国文学史上的地位。欧文的小说背景通常设置在远离尘嚣的荒僻村野和一些着魔闹鬼的地方,静谧中带着神秘、奇诡和深沉的气息。题材往往来源于欧洲文化和文学,尤其是民间传说和鬼怪故事。

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783—November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle, both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. Irving also served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846. Irving perfected the American short story, and was the first American writer to place his stories firmly in the United States, even as he poached from German or Dutch folklore. He is also generally credited as one of the first to write both in the vernacular, and without an obligation to the moral or didactic in his short stories, writing stories simply to entertain rather than to enlighten. The themes of his short stories are usually originated from local folklore and ghost stories of Europe.

为了要看个究竟,她把一只手放到前额上,做出要摸一摸前额的样子;然后她从指头缝向外看,另一只手挪动着蜡烛。烛心的微光照到那只眼睛上,又从那只眼睛上反射回来。她确定那只眼睛在动。不仅如此,那只眼似乎冲她眨了一下,她丈夫在世的时候就有几次冲她这样眨过眼。刹那间她的心感到一阵冰冷,因为她是个寡妇,她觉得自己的处境很可怕。

To assure herself cautiously of the fact, she put one hand to her forehead, as if rubbing it; peeped through her fingers, and moved the candle with the other hand.The light of the taper gleamed on the eye, and was reflected from it.She was sure it moved.Nay, more, it seemed to give her a wink, as she had sometimes known her husband to do when living!It struck a momentary chill to her heart; for she was a lone woman, and felt herself fearfully situated.

欧文为读者营造了一种田园生活般的意境,他擅长描写精灵鬼怪的悬念与恐怖,使故事跌宕起伏。同时他又是一个喜欢怀旧的人。他的作品更像是午后一缕慵懒的和风,在你耳边低吟一曲,使你充满倦意。

“没有欧文就没有美国文学的最早声誉,也就没有以后小说创作伟大局面的产生和出现。”

华盛顿·欧文是19世纪美国最著名的作家,号称美国文学之父。

America's first genuine internationally best-selling author

Irving is largely credited as the first American Man of Letters.

His friend, the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, acknowledged Irving's role in promoting American literature: "We feel a just pride in his renown as an author, not forgetting that, to his other claims upon our gratitude, he adds also that of having been the first to win for our country an honorable name and position in the History of Letters".

As George William Curtis noted, there "is not a young literary aspirant in the country, who, if he ever personally met Irving, did not hear from him the kindest words of sympathy, regard, and encouragement."

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