Autobiography of John Stuart Mill

  • 作   者:

    John Stuart Mill

  • 译   者:

    郑加丽 于春晓

  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:


  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:


  • 10(2人评过)
  •   评论(11)
  •   读后感(1)


The Autobiography of John Stuart Mill is an honest account of the education of this great thinker of the nineteenth century. Much of Mill's book is dedicated to his education; such as, books he had read or written and philosophers he was influenced by. He also tells readers how he benefited and suffered from having one of the most unique educational experiences known to humankind. His father was personally involved in both his education and that of his other siblings. Mill was a brilliant student who read Greek by the age of three and Latin at eight years old. By the time he matured to adulthood, he was extremely well read.


The autobiography is mainly Mill's account of his unusual intellectual training and achievements, and of his career as a writer and thinker. Mill was a notably precocious child. He describes his education in his autobiography. At the age of three he was taught Greek. By the age of eight he had read Aesop's Fables, Xenophon's Anabasis, and the whole of Herodotus, and was acquainted with Lucian, Diogenes Laërtius, Isocrates and six dialogues of Plato. He had also read a great deal of history in English and had been taught arithmetic.

约翰·穆勒(John Stuart Mill,1806—1873),英国心理学家、哲学家和经济学家。詹姆士·穆勒的儿子,受过其父的严格教育,在17岁时进入不列颠东印度公司,一直到1858年。他一生以新闻记者和作家的身份写了不少著作。19世纪影响力很大的古典自由主义思想家。他支持边沁的功利主义。其心理学思想散见于《逻辑学体系》、《对汉密尔敦的审查》和《对詹姆士·穆勒心理学的诠释》。

John Stuart Mill, (20 May 1806—8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory, and political economy. Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control. He was a proponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham.


It seems proper that I should prefix to the following biographical sketch, some mention of the reasons which have made me think it desirable that I should leave behind me such a memorial of so uneventful a life as mine. I do not for a moment imagine that any part of what I have to relate, can be interesting to the public as a narrative, or as being connected with myself. But I have thought that in an age in which education, and its improvement, are the subject of more, if not of profounder study than at any former period of English history, it may be useful that there should be some record of an education which was unusual and remarkable, and which, whatever else it may have done, has proved how much more than is commonly supposed may be taught, and well taught, in those early years which, in the common modes of what is called instruction, are little better than wasted. It has also seemed to me that in an age of transition in opinions, there may be somewhat both of interest and of benefit in noting the successive phases of any mind which was always pressing forward, equally ready to learn and to unlearn either from its own thoughts or from those of others. But a motive which weighs more with me than either of these, is a desire to make acknowledgment of the debts which my intellectual and moral development owes to other persons; some of them of recognized eminence, others less known than they deserve to be, and the one to whom most of all is due, one whom the world had no opportunity of knowing. The reader whom these things do not interest, has only himself to blame if he reads farther, and I do not desire any other indulgence from him than that of bearing in mind, that for him these pages were not written.


  • 第一章 童年时代和早期教育

  • 第二章 少年时期的思想影响 父亲的性格和观点

  • 第三章 教育的最后阶段 自学的初级阶段

  • 第四章 青年时代的宣传事业 《威斯敏斯特评论》

  • 第五章 成长中的一次危机 下一个阶段

  • 第六章 最珍贵友谊的开始 父亲去世1840 年前的著作和其他活动

  • 第七章 晚年概略

  • Chapter I Childrenhood And Early Eaducation

  • Chapter II Moral Influences In Early Youth, My Father’s Character And Opinions

  • Chapter III Last Stage Of Education, And First Of Self-Education

  • Chapter IV Youthful Propagandism The Westminster Review

  • Chapter V A Crisis In My Mental History, One Stage Onward

  • Chapter VI Commencement of The Most Valuable friendship Of My Life, My Father’s Death, Writings And Other Proceedings Up

  • Chapter VII General View Of The Remainder Of My Life

  • 学习的技巧