我的童年
My Childhood

  • 作   者:

    马克西姆·高尔基
    Maksim Gorky

  • 译   者:

    对外经贸大学 卫昱

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥7.90

  • 8.4(14人评过)
  •   评论(18)
  •   读后感(6)

高尔基通过描写早年生活经历,再现了俄国当时社会生活的全貌,这是一个残酷且令人窒息的年代,他的作品当中表现了作者反抗黑暗、奴役,追求自由、光明的崇高理想。

欧利沙的童年代表了那个时代俄国生活在社会底层中成长起来的千千万万个孩子的童年。在沙皇统治的黑暗时期,社会底层的人民过着民不聊生的生活。在这样的时代背景下,贪婪、暴力、愚昧、勾心斗角与善良、正义、勤劳和坚强两种力量相互抗衡。欧利沙没有与第一种力量同流合污,更没有向之低头,而是在第二种力量的牵引与影响下成长为一个意志如钢铁般坚强的有志之士。童年的经历影响他一生,童年的苦难更是他一生的财富。

Colored by poverty and horrifying brutality, Gorky's childhood equipped him to understand the life of the ordinary Russian. After his father, a paperhanger and upholsterer, died of cholera, five-year-old Gorky was taken to live with his grandfather, a polecat-faced tyrant who would regularly beat him unconscious, and with his grandmother, a tender woman and a wonderful storyteller, who would kneel beside their bed (with Gorky inside it pretending to be asleep) and give God her views on the day's happenings, down to the last fascinating details. She was, in fact, Gorky's closest friend and the epic heroine of a book swarming with characters and with the sensations of a curious and often frightened little boy. Under the influence of his grandmother, the protagonist, actually representing Gorky himself did not yield to evil forces. Leaving home at age 12, the young boy learns self-reliance and begins to educate himself by reading, becoming a person of noble aspirations.

《我的童年》是高尔基自传体小说的第一部,是作者童年生活的回忆。主人公欧利沙四岁丧父,跟随母亲住在小染坊主外祖父家。他经常遭受外祖父的毒打,善良的外祖母处处护着他。他童年的成长环境里充斥着谎言、欺骗和为达到目的不惜践踏亲情的残酷行为,使他幼小的心灵受到极大的伤害。然而,勤劳、坚强、善良的外祖母常常给他讲神话故事,向他灌输正义的力量,引导着欧利沙成长为一个刚直不阿的人。

My Childhood examines the author's experiences by means of individual portraits and descriptions of events. He reveals that his mother was mostly absent after the death of his father and that his upbringing was in the hands of his brutal grandfather. He also creates a compelling portrait of his unlearned but loving grandmother. Leaving home at age 12, the young boy learns self-reliance and begins to educate himself by reading.

玛克西姆·高尔基(Maksim Gorky, 1868.3.28—1936.6.18),前苏联无产阶级作家。社会主义现实主义文学的奠基人,列宁称他为“无产阶级艺术最杰出的代表”。代表作品,《童年》、《在人间》、《我的大学》等。

Maksim Gorky was a Russian and Soviet author, a founder of the Socialist Realism literary method and a political activist. He has an autobiographical trilogy, which includes In the World, My Childhood and My Universities.

虽然它们令人深恶痛绝,虽然它们压榨我们、把许多美丽的灵魂摧残致死,但是俄罗斯人的内心依旧是健康的、年轻的,他会冲破这些可怖的事实。

在我们充满惊奇的生活中,虽然人的兽性会成长壮大,但与此同时,光明的、健康的、有生命力的一面也在胜利地成长,它是一种人道精神,鼓舞着我们期盼重生,期盼人们和平地、仁爱地一起生活这一天的到来。

Although they are so disgusting, although they oppress us and crush many beautiful souls to death, yet the Russian is still so healthy and young in heart that he can and does rise above them.

For in this amazing life of ours not only does the animal side of our nature flourish and grow fat, but with this animalism there has grown up, triumphant in spite of it, bright, healthful and creative—a type of humanity which inspires us to look forward to our regeneration, to the time when we shall all live peacefully and humanely.

高尔基通过描写早年生活经历,再现了俄国当时社会生活的全貌,这是一个残酷且令人窒息的年代,他的作品当中表现了作者反抗黑暗、奴役,追求自由、光明的崇高理想。

王蒙推荐国家教育部推荐读物,语文新课标必读丛书,高尔基自传体小说三部曲,经久不衰的励志佳作,一部色彩斑斓、内涵丰厚、直面苦难、不懈奋斗的成长史!

《童年·在人间·我的大学》是一部“在俄语文学中登峰造极的自传体小说”,描写了作家童年、少年和青年时代的生活经历,在俄国乃至世界文学史上都占有十分重要的地位,也是在中国最具影响力的外国文学作品之一。作者高尔基是俄国自然丰义小说家,苏联文坛的一代宗师。文学界曾把他与托尔斯泰、契诃夫并称为俄国文学史上“不可逾越的高峰”,鲁迅、郭沫若等都把他当作自己的导师,正如鲁迅所说:“高尔基是伟大的,我看无人可比。”

  • 第一章

  • 第二章

  • 第三章

  • 第四章

  • 第五章

  • 第六章

  • 第七章

  • 第八章

  • 第九章

  • 第十章

  • 第十一章

  • 第十二章

  • 第十三章

  • CHAPTER I

  • CHAPTER II

  • CHAPTER III

  • CHAPTER IV

  • CHAPTER V

  • CHAPTER VI

  • CHAPTER VII

  • CHAPTER VIII

  • CHAPTER IX

  • CHAPTER X

  • CHAPTER XI

  • CHAPTER XII

  • CHAPTER XIII

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