二十年后
After Twenty Years

  • 作   者:

    欧·亨利
    O. Henry

  • 译   者:

    福建农林大学翻译组

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
  • 6.1(13人评过)
  •   评论(60)
  •   读后感(10)

二十年,世事变迁,不足以让一个人面目全非,却足以让一个人从好人变为坏人。昔日的好伙伴杰米从一个迟顿的老实人变成个干练的巡警,而鲍勃则从一个不甘平凡的聪明人变成个不法之徒。命运作弄了这一对昔日的好伙伴,二十年后他们成为势不两立的警察与匪徒。然而两人对友情的忠诚及对承诺的坚持却同样让人动容。

The story has a theme of conflict between one's friendship to another and one's moral duty and duty to society. Jimmy was confronted with a dilemma and had to make the choice to do his civic duty over loyalty to his friend; he had to cause his friend to get arrested because his friend had broken the law. In addition, Jimmy had to hire a cop to arrest Bob because he did not have the heart to arrest Bob himself.

二十年,到底能对一个人产生多大的影响呢?两人的个性预示了不同的人生取向;犯罪者的心理倾向于主动剖白自己;鲍勃志得意满的过份自信减弱了应有的惊愓;场景昏暗的灯光也模糊了视线,燃点香烟的细节却让韦尔斯看得一清二楚;鲍勃不经意的财富显露也让他露馅;韦尔斯正直的个性与警察的历练让他冷静面对犯罪的朋友。

In this particular short story there are three characters. The story begins with a policeman who is on his beat. He goes towards a man that is standing in a dark doorway. Bob is standing there and tells the officer that he had agreed to meet his friend Jimmy Wells at this spot at 10 o'clock. He tells the story of how twenty years ago, they parted as young men but agreed that twenty years later they would meet at that particular spot again. They parted because of different life and career paths. Jimmy considered New York City as the place to live and Bob decided to travel out west to seek great wealth. The officer leaves. Later, Bob is approached by another man who he believes is Jimmy. He gives the man details about his successes out west. They walk to find a place to eat, but after a light shines on the man's face, Bob realizes it is another officer; the officer arrests Bob for crimes committed in Chicago. The officer who arrests Bob gives him a note from Jimmy. The note says that the two men did meet on time; Jimmy recognized Bob as someone wanted by the authorities.

欧·亨利是其笔名,原名为威廉·西德尼·波特(William Sydney Porter)。美国著名批判现实主义作家,世界三大短篇小说大师之一。曾被评论界誉为曼哈顿桂冠散文作家和美国现代短篇小说之父。他的作品构思新颖,语言诙谐,结局常常出人意料,其中一些名篇如《爱的牺牲》、《警察与赞美诗》、《带家具出租的房间》、《贤人的礼物》、《最后一片藤叶》等使他获得了世界声誉。

William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862—June 5, 1910), known by his pen name O. Henry, was an American writer. O. Henry's short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization and clever twist endings. The best known ones are A Service of Love, The Cop and the Anthem, The Furnished Room, The Gift of the Magi and The Last Leaf, which help him win fame abroad.

西部来的人打开交给他的小纸片。他开始看时手是稳的,可看完后不禁微微抖了。那便条相当短。鲍勃:我按时到了约定的地点。当你擦火柴点雪茄时,我发现你就是芝加哥警方通缉的人。无论如何,我无法亲自下手,只得走开,找了一个便衣代劳。

The man from the West unfolded the little piece of paper handed him.His hand was steady when he began to read, but it trembled a little by the time he had finished.The note was rather short.Bob: I was at the appointed place on time.When you struck the match to light your cigar I saw it was the face of the man wanted in Chicago.Somehow I couldn’t do it myself, so I went around and got a plain clothes man to do the job.

欧·亨利式结局出乎人的意料,但是往往又在情理之中,也就是说欧·亨利式结局并非一种硬惊奇。优秀的短篇小说都有一个共同的特征,构思巧妙而精密。硬惊奇只是诉诸简单的巧合,甚至让人摸不着头脑。

他被誉为“美国现代短篇小说之父”,他的作品因富于生活情趣被誉为“美国生活的幽默百科全书”。他是与居伊·德·莫泊桑和安东·契诃夫并称的“世界三大短篇小说之王”。

O. Henry's stories are gems of their kind; mellow, humorous, ironic, ingenious and shot through with that eminently salable quality known as 'human interest.'" —Bennet Cerf and Van Cartmell

  • 二十年后

  • AFTER TWENTY YEARS

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