钟摆
The Pendulum

  • 作   者:

    欧·亨利
    O. Henry

  • 译   者:

    河南工程大学 赵建宇

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:¥2.90
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  •   读后感(6)

这篇文章中塑造的小市民形象可谓是入骨三分。谁看了都会感同身受。拥有时不珍惜,失去了后悔,重新得到后,还会像后悔时那样憧憬珍惜吗?传动皮带滑进了槽,弹簧触发了,齿轮对准了牙,轮子又循着旧有的轨道转动了。生活就是这样的钟摆,看似无情却合乎道理。

小说《钟摆》的主人公是一对已经结婚两年的夫妻,他们的生活如同钟摆,一成不变,重复而又单调。但有一天,这种单调的生活遭遇了一次巨变,丈夫回到家中竟然没有看到妻子。丈夫突然意识到妻子对自己而言是多么地重要,决心补偿自己对妻子的疏忽。然而随着妻子的回来,他们的生活再次进入钟摆的轨道。这不过是会发生在每个普通家庭的普通的一件事,既让人心生同感,又不免掩卷沉思,更不禁感叹欧·亨利捕捉细节、透视生活的能力。

欧·亨利是其笔名,原名为威廉·西德尼·波特(William Sydney Porter)。美国著名批判现实主义作家,世界三大短篇小说大师之一。曾被评论界誉为曼哈顿桂冠散文作家和美国现代短篇小说之父。他的作品构思新颖,语言诙谐,结局常常出人意料,其中一些名篇如《爱的牺牲》、《警察与赞美诗》、《带家具出租的房间》、《贤人的礼物》、《最后一片藤叶》等使他获得了世界声誉。

William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862—June 5, 1910), known by his pen name O. Henry, was an American writer. O. Henry's short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, warm characterization and clever twist endings. The best known ones are A Service of Love, The Cop and the Anthem, The Furnished Room, The Gift of the Magi and The Last Leaf, which help him win fame abroad.

他和凯蒂结婚两年,从来没有分开过一个晚上。约翰怔怔地把便条读了一遍又一遍。一成不变的生活被打乱了,这让他不知所措。椅背上挂着那件她做饭时穿的红底黑点宽大长衣,如今却空空的,不成样子,让人觉得哀怜。匆忙中,她把平日穿的衣服扔得到处都是。一小纸袋她最爱吃的黄油硬糖放着,连绳子都没解开。一份日报杂乱地摊在地板上,被剪掉列车时刻表的地方留下了一个长方形的口子。房间里的一切都讲述着一种缺失,讲述着一个重要实体的逝去,讲述着它灵魂和生命的离去。约翰·珀金斯站在没有生命的余物中间,心里有一种奇怪的凄凉感。

Never during their two years of matrimony had he and Katy been separated for a night.John read the note over and over in a dumbfounded way.Here was a break in a routine that had never varied, and it left him dazed.There on the back of a chair hung, pathetically empty and formless, the red wrapper with black dots that she always wore while getting the meals.Her week-day clothes had been tossed here and there in her haste.A little paper bag of her favorite butter-scotch lay with its string yet unwound.A daily paper sprawled on the floor, gaping rectangularly where a railroad time-table had been clipped from it.Everything in the room spoke of a loss, of an essence gone, of its soul and life departed.John Perkins stood among the dead remains with a queer feeling of desolation in his heart.

欧·亨利总能很自然地将那些精彩故事娓娓道来。这些故事贴近生活,好似就发生在自己身边。他的作品构思新颖,语言诙谐,描写了众多的人物,富于生活情趣。

欧·亨利是20世纪初美国杰出的短篇小说大师,有“美国的莫泊桑”之称。他的作品因富于生活情趣被誉为“美国生活的幽默百科全书”。

O. Henry's stories are gems of their kind; mellow, humorous, ironic, ingenious and shot through with that eminently salable quality known as 'human interest.'" —Bennet Cerf and Van Cartmell

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